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Founded in 1904 and headquartered in Farmington Hills, Michigan, USA, the American Concrete Institute is a leading authority and resource worldwide for the development, dissemination, and adoption of its consensus-based standards, technical resources, educational programs, and proven expertise for individuals and organizations involved in concrete design, construction, and materials, who share a commitment to pursuing the best use of concrete.
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Home > Publications > International Concrete Abstracts Portal
The International Concrete Abstracts Portal is an ACI led collaboration with leading technical organizations from within the international concrete industry and offers the most comprehensive collection of published concrete abstracts.
Title: Confined Compression Tests of Cement Paste and Concrete up to 300 ksi
Author(s): Zdenek P. Bazant, Finley C. Bishop, and Ta-Peng Chang
Publication: Journal Proceedings
Appears on pages(s): 553-560
Keywords: cement pastes; compression tests; concretes; creep properties; hys-teresis;stress-strain diagram; tangent modulus.
Abstract:Tests of cylindrical specimens of 0.75 in. diameter up to 300,000 psi axial compression stress have been conducted for hardened portland cement paste as well as concrete with 3/8 in. aggregate. The specimens tightly fit into a cylindrical cavity in a pressure vessel and are loaded axially by a hard piston. The pressure vessel is very stiff, forcing the lateral expansion of specimens to be so small that the strain is almost uniaxial.Sophisticated analysis is used to evaluate material properties from measurements of force and displacement on the loading piston outside the test cavity. The results indicate that an initial decrease of the tangent modulus is followed by a continuous increase reaching values that exceed the initial modulus. This stiffening is attributed to pore closure; however, not all pores can yet be closed at the peak pressure. Unloading and reloading reveals relatively low hysteresis at these high pressures. Reloading beyond the previous maximum strain returns the response to the virgin diagram. Creep is found to exist at these high pressures, with a similar value of creep coefficient as that applicable for the service stress range. The results are presented in the form of diagrams as well as smoothing formulas. The tests reproduce well and the scatter is small.
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