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Founded in 1904 and headquartered in Farmington Hills, Michigan, USA, the American Concrete Institute is a leading authority and resource worldwide for the development, dissemination, and adoption of its consensus-based standards, technical resources, educational programs, and proven expertise for individuals and organizations involved in concrete design, construction, and materials, who share a commitment to pursuing the best use of concrete.
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Home > Publications > International Concrete Abstracts Portal
The International Concrete Abstracts Portal is an ACI led collaboration with leading technical organizations from within the international concrete industry and offers the most comprehensive collection of published concrete abstracts.
Title: Simple Formulation of Concrete Behavior Under Multiaxial Load Histories
Author(s): Thomas Stankowski and Kurt H. Gerstle
Publication: Journal Proceedings
Appears on pages(s): 213-221
Keywords: concretes; loads (forces); strains; stresses; structural analysis; triaxial loads
Abstract:Some of the basic features of concrete behavior under complex stress histories have been explored experimentally in the cubical test cell, showing strong coupling between hydrostatic and distortional responses and leading to clear definitions of loading and unloading. Based on this information, an incremental formulation was developed which appears capable of predicting strains in concrete under arbitrary principal stress histories. This formulation accounts for full coupling between hydrostatic and deviatoric effects, requires only a minimum of material information for its implementation, and has features which are analogous to strain-hardening plasticity theory. The validity of the method is documented for the special case of axisymmetric stress histories by comparison with test results.
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