In today’s market, it is imperative to be knowledgeable and have an edge over the competition. ACI members have it…they are engaged, informed, and stay up to date by taking advantage of benefits that ACI membership provides them.
Read more about membership
Become an ACI Member
Founded in 1904 and headquartered in Farmington Hills, Michigan, USA, the American Concrete Institute is a leading authority and resource worldwide for the development, dissemination, and adoption of its consensus-based standards, technical resources, educational programs, and proven expertise for individuals and organizations involved in concrete design, construction, and materials, who share a commitment to pursuing the best use of concrete.
American Concrete Institute
38800 Country Club Dr.
Farmington Hills, MI
Chat with Us Online Now
Feedback via Email
Home > Publications > International Concrete Abstracts Portal
The International Concrete Abstracts Portal is an ACI led collaboration with leading technical organizations from within the international concrete industry and offers the most comprehensive collection of published concrete abstracts.
Title: Effects of Alkalies in Class C Fly Ash on Alkali-Aggregate Reaction
Author(s): C. Lee
Publication: Special Publication
Appears on pages(s): 417-430
Keywords: alkali-aggregate reactions; alkali content; alkalies;
Cements; expansion: fly ash; mineral admixtures; mortars
(material); silica gel
Abstract:Effects of alkalies in Class C fly ash on Alkali-aggregate reaction were studied by using two cements, a type I high-alkali cement and a type II low-Alkali cement, and three Class C fly ashes. Mortar bar expansion was measured according to ASTM C 441. Reaction products of alkali-aggregate reaction were examined n by XRD, SEM, and EDAX. were to study: The purposes of this research (1) the significance of the standard mortar bar test in determining the degree to which high and low-alkali cement could be replaced by Class C fly ashes, and (2) effect of fly ash alkali contents on alkali reactivity. Expansion of mortar bars prepared using high-alkali cement increased at low replacement levels but decreased at high replacement levels for curing periods up to 12 weeks at 38 C; whereas expansion of mortars prepared using low-alkali cement increased at all Levels of fly ash replacements up to 40% by volume. A critical equivalent Na20/Si02 mole ratio was identified and found to characterize alkali reactivity. No crys-talline reaction products could be identified by XRD. Results of SEM and EDAX showed that the reaction product was an alkali-silicate gel, composed mainly of silica, sodium, potassium, and calcium, with their relative amounts varying within the gel.
Click here to become an online Journal subscriber