ABOUT THE INTERNATIONAL CONCRETE ABSTRACTS PORTAL

  • The International Concrete Abstracts Portal is an ACI led collaboration with leading technical organizations from within the international concrete industry and offers the most comprehensive collection of published concrete abstracts.

International Concrete Abstracts Portal

Showing 1-5 of 609 Abstracts search results

Document: 

SP-360_46

Date: 

March 1, 2024

Author(s):

Charles Tucker Cope III, Mohammod Minhajur Rahman, Francesco Focacci, Tommaso D’Antino, Iman Abavisani, and Christian Carloni

Publication:

Symposium Papers

Volume:

360

Abstract:

GFRP bars are considered an alternative to steel for concrete reinforcement. This project investigated the fatigue behavior of GFRP bars embedded in concrete, studying bond behavior at material and structural scales. GFRP bars (12 mm [0.47 in.] nominal diameter) were embedded in concrete cylinders leaving a 50 mm [2 in.] protrusion at the free end and featuring different bonded lengths. Two types of GFRP bars with different surface treatment (lacquered and unlacquered) were used. Static tests were used to determine the bonded length required for cyclic pull-out tests, Cyclic tests at 1.5 Hz showed GFRP bar failure was possible at just 20% of their reduced tensile strength (0.8ffu) as prescribed in ACI 440.1R-15. Two full-scale slabs internally reinforced with unlacquered GFRP bars were tested using a four-point bending configuration. A quasi-static test was used as a control to determine the fatigue amplitude, considering the fatigue loading provided by the ACI 440.1R-15 document and the pull-out test results with cyclic loading presented in this work. Cyclic load between 10 kN [2.25 kips] and 40 kN [9 kips] at a 1.5 Hz frequency was applied up to 5 million cycles before a subsequent quasi-static test was conducted. The load range was determined using cross-section analysis to cycle the bars between 5% and 20% of their reduced tensile strength (0.8ffu). Both slabs ultimately failed due to shear failure, with cyclic loading having little impact on the slab compliance. Displacements of the load points and supports were measured using linear variable displacement transformers (LVDTs), while digital image correlation (DIC) was utilized to obtain the full-field displacement and strain in the central region of the slab. The strain and displacement fields from DIC were used to determine the opening of flexural cracks and relate it to the stress level in the GFRP bars. A comparison between the static pull-out tests and the four-point bending tests of slabs indicated that the pull-out test could be used to describe the flexural behavior of the slab at low stress level. However, in terms of fatigue behavior, the comparison between the small- and large-scale tests indicated that the fatigue phenomenon in the slab was quite complex and could not be directly described by the results of pull-out tests.

DOI:

10.14359/51740658


Document: 

SP357_11

Date: 

April 1, 2023

Author(s):

Reza Abolhelm and Trevor D. Hrynyk

Publication:

Symposium Papers

Volume:

357

Abstract:

This paper presents the application of a low-cost thick-shell nonlinear finite element analysis (NLFEA) procedure to estimate the punching shear resisting performance of reinforced concrete slab-column connections under variable connection shear stress conditions. Variation of connection stress conditions stems from columns with different cross section aspect ratios, different distributions of gravity loading conditions, and slabs constructed with significantly different planar reinforcement conditions in the orthogonal directions. In this regard, thirty-five isolated slab-column connection specimens presented in the literature were analyzed using a shell finite element-based analysis procedure and the results from these analyses were used to assess NLFEA model performance. All results were developed using a predefined set of material models and analysis parameters, defined on the basis of prior and unrelated validation studies, and were shown to provide good agreement with experimental findings without the need for calibration studies or the adoption of case-specific failure criteria. From the findings obtained, it was determined that the thick-shell NLFEA employed is suitable for estimating the punching shear response for slabs subjected to varied and highly non-uniform shear stresses within the connection regions and provided similar levels of precisions as that previously obtained for isolated slab-column connections constructed with idealized geometries and reinforcing conditions, subjected to idealized loading conditions.

DOI:

10.14359/51738767


Document: 

SP357_03

Date: 

April 1, 2023

Author(s):

Madhura Sanjay Chavan and Mary Beth Hueste

Publication:

Symposium Papers

Volume:

357

Abstract:

Experimental tests have been performed on interior post-tensioned (PT) slab-column (SC) connections over the past several decades. This paper presents a comprehensive database of 92 such tests performed on interior PT SC connections without shear reinforcement under direct shear. The data was then analyzed to compare the accuracy of the punching shear provisions of ACI 318-19, Eurocode 2 (2004), and CSA A23-19. Several key parameters were evaluated for the PT SC specimens including the concrete compressive strength, specimen geometry, bonded flexural reinforcement ratio, and minimum area of bonded flexural reinforcement; and their influence on the two-way shear strength of these connections was studied. Recommendations are made for possible modifications to the provisions of ACI 318-19 including the limit on the value of the concrete compressive strength f_c^'. Areas for further study, including size effect and bonded flexural reinforcement requirements, are highlighted.

DOI:

10.14359/51738758


Document: 

SP357_10

Date: 

April 1, 2023

Author(s):

Graeme J. Milligan and Maria Anna Polak

Publication:

Symposium Papers

Volume:

357

Abstract:

Columns supporting reinforced concrete two-way slabs often have non-circular or non-square cross-sections. The punching shear design of alternative column geometries is addressed in ACI 318-19, although the basis for these provisions is unclear as experimental tests of irregular column geometries are limited. In particular, the punching shear behaviour of special-shaped slab-column connections, such as L-shaped connections, has received limited interest. In this paper, nonlinear finite element analysis (FEA) is used to study the influence of column geometry, column location with respect to the slab centroid and the presence of slab openings on the punching shear behaviour of interior L-shaped slab-column connections subjected to gravity loading. The FEA suggests that the diagonal portion of the critical perimeter between the column flanges assumed in ACI 318-19 is ineffective in transferring load between the slab and the column. The FEA also suggests that ideally slab openings around interior L-shaped slab-column connections should be located between the two column flanges of each connection. Locating the openings in this area minimizes their negative impact on punching capacity and is beneficial from an architectural perspective, as the openings and services can be hidden from view. The punching capacities predicted by the FEA, the ACI 318-19 concentric punching shear provisions and the eccentric shear stress model outlined in ACI 421.1R-20 are also compared.

DOI:

10.14359/51738766


Document: 

SP357_09

Date: 

April 1, 2023

Author(s):

Sana Amir, Cor van der Veen, Joost Walraven, and Ane de Boer

Publication:

Symposium Papers

Volume:

357

Abstract:

A large number of bridges in the Netherlands have transversely post tensioned deck slabs cast in-situ between flanges of precast girders and were found to be critical in shear when evaluated by Eurocode 2. To investigate the bearing (punching shear) capacity of such bridges, a 1:2 scale bridge model was constructed in the laboratory and static tests were performed by varying the transverse prestressing level (TPL). A 3D solid, 1:2 scale model of the real bridge, similar to the experimental model, was developed in the finite element software DIANA and several nonlinear analyses were carried out. It was observed that the experimental and numerical ultimate load carrying capacity was much higher than predicted by the governing codes due to lack of consideration of compressive membrane action (CMA). In order to incorporate CMA in the Model Code 2010 (fib 2012) punching shear provisions for prestressed slabs, numerical and theoretical approaches were combined. As a result, sufficient factor of safety was observed when the real bridge design capacity was compared with the design wheel load of Eurocode 1. It was concluded that the existing bridges still had sufficient residual bearing capacity with no problems of serviceability and structural safety.

DOI:

10.14359/51738765


12345...>>

Results Per Page