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Home > Publications > International Concrete Abstracts Portal
The International Concrete Abstracts Portal is an ACI led collaboration with leading technical organizations from within the international concrete industry and offers the most comprehensive collection of published concrete abstracts.
Showing 1-5 of 38 Abstracts search results
October 1, 2022
Imad Eldin Khalafalla and Khaled Sennah
This paper investigates the use of glass fiber reinforced polymer (GFRP) bars to reinforce the jointed precast bridge deck slabs built integrally with steel I-girders. In addition to a cast-in-place slab, three full-size, GFRPreinforced, precast concrete slabs were erected to perform static and fatigue tests under a truck wheel load. Each slab had 200 mm (7.9 in) thickness, 2500 mm (98.4 in) width normal to traffic, and 3500 mm (137.8 in) length in the direction of traffic and was supported over a braced twin-steel girder system. The closure strip between connected precast slabs has a width of 125 mm (4.9 in) with a vertical shear key, filled with ultra-high-performance concrete (UHPC). Sand-coated GFRP bars in the precast slab project into the closure strip with a headed end to provide a 100 mm (3.9 in) embedment length. A static test and two fatigue tests were performed, namely: (i) accelerated variable amplitude cyclic loading and (ii) constant amplitude cyclic loading, followed by static loading to collapse. Test results demonstrated excellent fatigue performance of the developed closure strip details, with the ultimate load-carrying capacity of the slab far greater than the demand. While the failure in the cast-in-place slab was purely punching shear, the failure mode in the jointed precast slabs was punching shear failure with incomplete cone-shape peroration through the UHPC closure strip, combined with a major transverse flexural crack in the UHPC strip. This may be attributed to the fact that the UHPC joint diverted the load distribution pattern towards a flexural mode in the UHPC strip itself close to failure.
November 1, 2021
Iman Mansouri, Chang-Hwan Lee, and Paul O. Awoyera
TUBEDECK, a one-way spanning voided composite slab, has been utilized in the construction field over the years to enhance the efficiency, constructability, and environmental performance of structures. TUBEDECK incorporates both cast-in-situ reinforced concrete slabs and profiled steel decks. However, there is a need to clarify the shear resistance capacity in this slab because the shear strength of the member reduces as concrete volume is eliminated to optimize flexural strength. Therefore, this study applied the artificial neural network (ANN) technique to determine the shear strength of TUBEDECK. By varying factors in the ANN features, several ANN models were developed. Out of many models developed, an optimal model was selected, having a maximum/mean relative errors of 5.1% in a dataset.
Ranjit Kumar Chaudhary, Ruben Van Coile, and Thomas Gernay
The probabilistic study of fire exposed structures is laborious and computationally challenging, especially when using advanced numerical models. Moreover, fragility curves developed through traditional approaches apply only to a particular design (structural detailing, fire scenario). Any alteration in design necessitates the computationally expensive re-evaluation of the fragility curves. Considering the above challenges, the use of surrogate models has been proposed for the probabilistic study of fire exposed structures. Previous contributions have confirmed the potential of surrogate models for developing fragility curves for single structural members including reinforced concrete slabs and columns. Herein, the potential of regression-based surrogate models is investigated further with consideration of structural systems. Specifically, an advanced finite element model for evaluating the fire performance of a composite slab panel acting in tensile membrane action is considered. A surrogate model is developed and used to establish fire fragility curves. The results illustrate the potential of surrogate modeling for probabilistic structural fire design of composite structures.
August 10, 2018
Vladimir Kakusha, Oleg Kornev, Mikhail Kovalev, Andrey Lapshinov, and Egor Litvinov
This paper represents the summary of the design criteria and construction details for the GFRP (glass fiber-reinforced polymer) reinforced foundation slab. The idea was to improve the foundation slab durability by using GFRP bars. This included the use of GFRP bars as main longitudinal reinforcement for the foundation slabs which represents the world first application of this type. During the design procedures, several non-standard issues related to GFRP reinforcement have been solved. The method statement has been created for Construction Company with the consideration of the specific properties of GFRP bars in comparison to steel reinforcement. Before the casting of concrete, strain gauges were attached to GFRP bars and concrete surface to control the strains during the erection and the maintenance of building.
June 18, 2018
Hai Nguyen, Hiroshi Mutsuyoshi, and Wael Zatar
This work presents an experimental investigation of composite girders consisting of precast Ultra-High Performance Fiber-Reinforced Concrete (UHPFRC) slabs placed on pultruded Fiber-Reinforced Polymer (FRP) Igirders. Two control girder specimens and seven large-scale composite girders were tested under static four-point bending. Two series of the FRP-UHPFRC composite girders were examined. H-series girders composed of hybrid carbon/glass FRP (HFRP) I-girders topped with either full-length precast UHPFRC slabs or segmental counterparts.
G-series girders included segmental UHPFRC slabs placed on glass-fiber-reinforced polymer (GFRP) I-girders. Twelve precast UHPFRC segments were used in each slab of the segmental composite girders. Either high-strength mortar or epoxy adhesive were used to join the precast UHPFRC segments. The test results revealed that the flexural stiffness of the composite girder with the epoxy-connected segmental precast slabs is almost identical to that of the full-length precast composite girder. The mortar-connected girder exhibited slightly more ductile behavior than the epoxy-connected girder. The G-series girder with thick GFRP plate externally bonded to the soffit of the GFRP Igirder showed pseudo-ductile behavior. All the composite girders demonstrated significant improvements in flexural stiffness and moment-carrying capacity compared with the control FRP I-girders without the UHPFRC slabs.
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