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Home > Publications > International Concrete Abstracts Portal
The International Concrete Abstracts Portal is an ACI led collaboration with leading technical organizations from within the international concrete industry and offers the most comprehensive collection of published concrete abstracts.
Showing 1-5 of 42 Abstracts search results
April 1, 2023
Antonio Ramos, Brisid Isufi, and Rui Marreiros
Significant research efforts have been devoted to achieving high performance of slab – column connections subjected to lateral loading. Solutions such as using stirrups and headed studs have been shown to work well. With the development of concrete materials with enhanced properties, new possibilities have arisen to employ solutions that are easy to apply and cause less congestion of reinforcement. A total of nine tests on flat slab specimens subjected to combined gravity and lateral loading are discussed, including two new specimens with High Performance Fiber Reinforced Concrete (HPFRC) over a limited region near the column. The main experimental variables were the flexural reinforcement ratio and the punching shear improvement method: none, headed studs, High Strength Concrete (HSC) or HPFRC. It is shown that excellent behavior is achieved with a relatively small amount of HPFRC, extended up to 1.5 times the effective depth of the slab from the face of the column. Punching was completely avoided until the end of the loading protocol (6% drift) for the specimens with HPFRC, whereas reference specimens without punching shear reinforcement failed at 1% drift and specimens with HSC reached 3% drifts. Additionally, the use of HPFRC led to an increased unbalanced moment transfer capacity and lateral stiffness, though this effect was more pronounced for specimens with lower flexural reinforcement ratio.
Simone Ravasini, Francesca Vecchi, Beatrice Belletti, and Nicolo Bonati
During an extreme event occurring on a reinforced concrete structure, characterized by the loss of a load-bearing element, the remaining resisting members may develop alternate load paths to resist gravity loads. However, it is recognized that reinforced concrete flat slabs are prone to punching shear failure. This issue is particularly relevant for existing reinforced concrete structures where creep, shrinkage, and corrosion effects due to environmental conditions play a fundamental role before the occurrence of the extreme event. In this paper, nonlinear pushdown and dynamic analyses were performed on an existing continuous reinforced concrete flat slab to investigate the structural response in the case of an interior column loss. Firstly, the flexural and membrane action resisting contributions were in-deeply analyzed. Secondly, the crucial effects of creep, shrinkage and corrosion on the dynamic response and punching shear resistance of the system were critically evaluated. Finally, useful insights for the structural robustness assessment of existing RC structures subjected to material deterioration were provided.
Sana Amir, Cor van der Veen, Joost Walraven, and Ane de Boer
A large number of bridges in the Netherlands have transversely post tensioned deck slabs cast in-situ between flanges of precast girders and were found to be critical in shear when evaluated by Eurocode 2. To investigate the bearing (punching shear) capacity of such bridges, a 1:2 scale bridge model was constructed in the laboratory and static tests were performed by varying the transverse prestressing level (TPL). A 3D solid, 1:2 scale model of the real bridge, similar to the experimental model, was developed in the finite element software DIANA and several nonlinear analyses were carried out. It was observed that the experimental and numerical ultimate load carrying capacity was much higher than predicted by the governing codes due to lack of consideration of compressive membrane action (CMA). In order to incorporate CMA in the Model Code 2010 (fib 2012) punching shear provisions for prestressed slabs, numerical and theoretical approaches were combined. As a result, sufficient factor of safety was observed when the real bridge design capacity was compared with the design wheel load of Eurocode 1. It was concluded that the existing bridges still had sufficient residual bearing capacity with no problems of serviceability and structural safety.
Antonio Mari, Pablo G. Fernandez, Eva Oller, and Antoni Cladera
Reinforced concrete slabs can be subjected simultaneously to transverse loads and in-plane tensile forces, as it occurs in top slabs of continuous box girder bridges at intermediate supports, or in flat slabs supported on columns, subjected to horizontal loads. To study the effects of in-plane forces in the slab punching-shear strength, an experimental and theoretical investigation was carried out, which is described in this paper. Five square slabs of 1650 mm (42”) side and 120 mm (4.7”) thickness were tested under a centered transverse point load and different degrees of uniaxial in-plane tensile force. Numerical predictions using non-linear finite element analyses were performed to help in the experiments design. Furthermore, the punching-shear mechanical model, Compression Chord Capacity Model (CCCM), was extended to incorporate the effects of in-plane tensile forces. The experimental results showed that the punching strength linearly decreases with the level of applied tensile force and, if cracking in the slabs is produced by the tensile force, yielding of the reinforcement and further reduction may take place. Excellent agreement was found between theoretical predictions and tests results. Furthermore, the CCCM was verified with available results of punching tests with uniaxial and biaxial tensile forces, obtaining very good results.
October 1, 2022
Imad Eldin Khalafalla and Khaled Sennah
This paper investigates the use of glass fiber reinforced polymer (GFRP) bars to reinforce the jointed precast bridge deck slabs built integrally with steel I-girders. In addition to a cast-in-place slab, three full-size, GFRPreinforced, precast concrete slabs were erected to perform static and fatigue tests under a truck wheel load. Each slab had 200 mm (7.9 in) thickness, 2500 mm (98.4 in) width normal to traffic, and 3500 mm (137.8 in) length in the direction of traffic and was supported over a braced twin-steel girder system. The closure strip between connected precast slabs has a width of 125 mm (4.9 in) with a vertical shear key, filled with ultra-high-performance concrete (UHPC). Sand-coated GFRP bars in the precast slab project into the closure strip with a headed end to provide a 100 mm (3.9 in) embedment length. A static test and two fatigue tests were performed, namely: (i) accelerated variable amplitude cyclic loading and (ii) constant amplitude cyclic loading, followed by static loading to collapse. Test results demonstrated excellent fatigue performance of the developed closure strip details, with the ultimate load-carrying capacity of the slab far greater than the demand. While the failure in the cast-in-place slab was purely punching shear, the failure mode in the jointed precast slabs was punching shear failure with incomplete cone-shape peroration through the UHPC closure strip, combined with a major transverse flexural crack in the UHPC strip. This may be attributed to the fact that the UHPC joint diverted the load distribution pattern towards a flexural mode in the UHPC strip itself close to failure.
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