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International Concrete Abstracts Portal

Showing 1-5 of 232 Abstracts search results

Document: 

SP-349_30

Date: 

April 22, 2021

Author(s):

Faisal.A.H Saleh, Nouria Kaid, Kada Ayed, Rabah Soltani, And Djamel-Eddine Kerdal

Publication:

Symposium Papers

Volume:

349

Abstract:

Scrap tyres are one of the most serious wastes that are landfilled with small percentages. Recycled scrap tyres are being used in different domains of industry because they are notdegradable. The experimental work focused on mechanical properties and durability indicators of self-compacting sand concretes blended with recycled rubber. Such modified concretes comprised 5, 10, 15 and 20% of rubber fine powder (RFP) and coarse particles (RCP) as partial substitutions of natural sand and aggregates. To shed light on physical and mechanical properties rubber particles effects, ordinary vibrated and self-compacting as well as self-compacting sand concretes (SCSCs) were characterised. Special attention was given to compression and bending performances of SCSCs. Identification of two durability indicators — water porosity and density — was assessed, according to AFGC specifications. Experimental findings enhanced previous literature reported statements and demonstrated that use of rubber particles as substitutes improved performances of elaborated SCSCs and produced eco-friendly materials that are appropriate for large surface applications such as pavements and terraces as well as civil engineering constructions.


Document: 

SP334

Date: 

October 9, 2019

Author(s):

Moncef L. Nehdi

Publication:

Symposium Papers

Volume:

334

Abstract:

To improve the eco-efficiency and sustainability of concrete, the cement and concrete industry can exploit many byproducts in applications that could, in some cases, outperform conventional materials made with traditional ingredients. This Special Publication of the American Concrete Institute Committee 555 (Concrete with Recycled Materials) is a contribution towards improving the sustainability of concrete via using recycled materials, such as scrap tire rubber and tire steel wire fiber, GFRP waste, fluff, reclaimed asphalt pavements, recycled latex paint, and recycled concrete aggregate. Advancing knowledge in this area should introduce the use of recycled materials in concrete for applications never considered before, while achieving desirable performance criteria economically, without compromising the quality and long-term performance of the concrete civil infrastructure.


Document: 

SP-334-08

Date: 

September 30, 2019

Author(s):

Yasser Khodair, Arif Iqbal, and Mohammed Hussaini

Publication:

Symposium Papers

Volume:

334

Abstract:

This study discusses the results of an experimental program conducted to study the fresh, hardened and unrestrained shrinkage characteristics of self-consolidating concrete (SCC) using fine recycled asphalt pavement (FRAP) and high volume of supplementary cementitious materials (SCMs) including class C fly-ash (FA) and slag (S). Sixteen mixtures were prepared with different percentages of FA, S, and FRAP. SCC mixtures were divided into four groups where each group had a different percentage of FRAP replacing fine aggregate (10%, 20%, 30%, 40%) and Portland cement being replaced by different percentages of SCMs. The water to cementitious material (w/cm) ratio of 0.4 was used for SCC mixtures with a target slump flow higher than 500 mm. The flowability, deformability, filling capacity and resistance to segregation were measured to determine the fresh properties of the mixtures. Moreover, the compressive strength at 14, 28, and 90 days and split tensile strength at 28 days were determined and durability characteristics including unrestrained shrinkage up to 90 days were tested. Analysis of experimental data showed that most of the mixtures satisfied the SCC fresh properties requirements. The addition of FRAP had an adverse effect on the compressive, tensile strength and unrestrained free shrinkage of SCC mixtures.


Document: 

SP-334-02

Date: 

September 30, 2019

Author(s):

Anol Mukhopadhyay and Xijun Shi

Publication:

Symposium Papers

Volume:

334

Abstract:

Potential issues associated with depletion of good aggregate sources and management of excess RAP stockpiles increasingly motivate use of RAP in PCC as a coarse aggregate replacement. Texas has shown great interest in disposing excess RAP stockpiles and a systematic study on using RAP in PCC for Texas pavement applications was conducted by the authors recently. This paper provides a concise summary of the findings from this study. The major conclusions are (1) PCC mixture with dense aggregate gradation can be achieved by adding coarse RAP with adequate intermediate sized particles, which offers better overall performance in terms of workability and mechanical properties, (2) RAP-PCC with coarse RAP replacement up to 40% showed considerable reduction for modulus of rupture. Asphalt cohesive failure (crack passing through the asphalt layer) was found to be the main mechanism responsible for the strength reductions, (3) the addition of allowable amounts of RAP into PCC provides equivalent durability performance relative to plain PCC, and (4) constructing pavements with RAP-PCC yields economic, environmental and social benefits.


Document: 

SP-330-09

Date: 

September 26, 2018

Author(s):

B. Stein, R. Ryan, Y. Bu, and K. Vallens

Publication:

Symposium Papers

Volume:

330

Abstract:

One of the important objectives of enhancing the sustainability of concrete construction consists of reducing the unwanted rebuilding of the same and extending the service life of buildings, structures and pavements. Proper maintenance, preservation and rehabilitation practices extend service life and improve structural and functional performance of transportation infrastructure. Minimization of impact on traffic is an important requirement for selecting materials and methods of maintenance and repair. Use of rapid strength concrete (RSC) that develops compressive strength of 2500 - 3500 psi (17.2 – 24.1 MPa) in 1.5 – 5 hours is one solution for reducing the duration of closures of highways and structures during repairs. The paper discusses: (i) Principles of proportioning of RSC; (ii) Performance of RSC; (iii) State-of-art practices; and (iv) Performance specifications for RSC.


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