In today’s market, it is imperative to be knowledgeable and have an edge over the competition. ACI members have it…they are engaged, informed, and stay up to date by taking advantage of benefits that ACI membership provides them.
Read more about membership
Become an ACI Member
Founded in 1904 and headquartered in Farmington Hills, Michigan, USA, the American Concrete Institute is a leading authority and resource worldwide for the development, dissemination, and adoption of its consensus-based standards, technical resources, educational programs, and proven expertise for individuals and organizations involved in concrete design, construction, and materials, who share a commitment to pursuing the best use of concrete.
ACI World Headquarters
38800 Country Club Dr.
Farmington Hills, MI
ACI Middle East Regional Office
Second Floor, Office #207
The Offices 2 Building, One Central
Dubai World Trade Center Complex
Phone: +971.4.516.3208 & 3209
ACI Resource Center
Feedback via Email
Home > Publications > International Concrete Abstracts Portal
The International Concrete Abstracts Portal is an ACI led collaboration with leading technical organizations from within the international concrete industry and offers the most comprehensive collection of published concrete abstracts.
Showing 1-5 of 65 Abstracts search results
May 3, 2023
Fayez Moutassem, Samir E. Chidiac
A requirement for achieving sustainable concrete structures is to develop a quantitative method for designing concrete mixtures that yields the target rheological properties and compressive strength. Toward this objective, this paper proposes a mathematical model approach to improve the sustainability of the concrete industry. A postulation that packing density, a function of the concrete mixture, provides the link between concrete mixture, rheological properties, and compressive strength was investigated. Rheological models for yield stress and plastic viscosity and a compressive strength model were adopted with packing density as a central variable. The rheological models employ a cell description that is representative of fresh concrete. The compressive strength model is based on excess paste theory to account for the concrete mixture proportions, gradation of the aggregate particles, and porosity. An experimental program was developed to calibrate and test these models. Results revealed that packing density provides a consistent and reliable link and that the concrete mixture composition can be designed to achieve the target rheological properties and hardened properties and ensure quality control. Consequently, a new mixture proportioning methodology was developed and proposed as an improvement to the ACI 211.1 mixture design method. Furthermore, a case study was conducted to test the applicability and adequacy of this proposed method. This research outcome, which provides a quantitative approach to designing concrete mixtures to meet specific strength requirements and rheology, can also be used to ensure quality control before concrete is cast.
January 1, 2023
Francesca Lolli, Renee T. Rios, Katelynn Schoenrock, Emily Grubert, and Kimberly E. Kurtis
The use of performance-based specifications (PBS) may increase quality and sustainability while lowering project costs through innovations in concrete materials selection and proportioning. A preliminary survey was conducted showing that barriers to implementation for PBS still exist, the main barrier being the enforcement of the specification, followed by cost and time. This study aims to develop guidelines to overcome the identified barriers by presenting a laboratory-scale case study of six concrete mixtures that both conform (one) and do not conform (five) to Georgia Department of Transportation specifications. This case study includes experimental results of mechanical (flexural and compressive
strength) and resistivity performance properties, as well as
three additional parameters: time, cost, and carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions associated with each mixture design. This study showed that innovation in material use and mixture design can increase durability and performance while reducing the overall project cost and environmental impact.
March 1, 2022
K. Bharadwaj, O. B. Isgor, W. J. Weiss, K. S. T. Chopperla, A. Choudhary, G. D. Vasudevan, D. Glosser, J. H. Ideker, and D. Trejo
A new mixture proportioning method is developed for performance-based concrete with supplementary cementitious materials (SCMs). The method is based on the thermodynamic calculations of the properties for concrete and identifying the mixtures that satisfy a predefined set of performance criteria. This new approach considers the chemical composition and reactivity of SCMs while proportioning concrete mixtures. Performance criteria examples are shown for a bridge deck (corrosion and freezing-and-thawing damage), an unreinforced pavement (salt damage), and a foundation (moderate sulfate and alkali-aggregate reaction). The method is used to proportion concrete mixtures satisfying these three performance criteria using four ashes per mixture. Experiments show that these mixtures met the targets. The proposed approach can proportion mixtures that are optimized for predefined performance using a wide range of SCMs, which can be useful in reducing the cost and carbon footprint of concrete.
May 1, 2020
Kamran Amini, Kristen Cetin, Halil Ceylan, and Peter C. Taylor
This paper compiles results from three different laboratory studies and employs multivariate regression analyses to model the effect of mixture parameters and concrete hardened properties on saltscaling performance. The correlations between concrete hardened properties and mixture proportions were also studied. The modeled mixture parameters included water-cementitious materials ratio (w/cm), slag cement, and air content. Concrete performance was evaluated through abrasion resistance, sorptivity, compressive strength, and salt scaling tests. According to the results obtained in this study, concrete scaling performance is affected, in the order of importance, by w/cm, slag-cement replacement, and air content. In addition, concrete hardened properties, especially abrasion resistance, were found useful in making reliable salt-scaling predictions. Based on the results derived from the regression analyses and the discussions provided in the reviewed literature, recommendations are given for proportioning of concrete to obtain adequate performance with respect to compressive strength, abrasion resistance, sorptivity, and salt-scaling resistance. In addition, the relationship between concrete properties, ingredients, and effective mechanisms are investigated.
January 1, 2020
A. S. Carey, I. L. Howard, D. A. Scott, R. D. Moser, J. Shannon, and A. Knizley
This paper evaluated constituent proportions on mechanical and thermal properties of ultra-high-performance concrete. This paper assessed how fine aggregates and fibers at varying proportions enhance cement paste and can improve its mechanical properties to a desired compressive strength, elastic modulus, or tensile strength. Approximately 400 specimens were tested for mechanical properties within four curing regimes and 22 different mixtures. These experiments aimed to add to the body of knowledge found during literature review. Past efforts found in literature have drawn conclusions by varying one ingredient at a time, whereas the current effort systematically varied multiple ingredients. Results showed compressive strength to be due to synergistic relationships between cement paste, fine aggregates, and steel fibers where absence of any ingredient reduced strength. Tensile strength and elastic modulus were dominated by a single ingredient.
Results Per Page
Please enter this 5 digit unlock code on the web page.