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International Concrete Abstracts Portal

Showing 1-5 of 191 Abstracts search results

Document: 

SP338

Date: 

April 27, 2020

Author(s):

Bruce A. Suprenant and Oscar R. Antommattei

Publication:

Symposium Papers

Volume:

338

Abstract:

Ward R. Malisch spent most of his 50-year career addressing issues related to concrete construction, specifically to problems that concrete contractors deal with daily. His civil engineering training began at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign where he received his BS, MS, and PhD in 1961, 1963, and 1966, respectively. During his time at Illinois he also carried out research on concrete durability and taught courses on plain concrete. Following that, he taught courses in concrete construction at the University of Missouri-Rolla (now Missouri University of Science and Technology) where he received several awards for outstanding teaching. During his time there he took a leave of absence to work in quality control for the prime contractor building Missouri’s first nuclear power plant. This experience spurred his interest in how specification requirements and tolerances affected contractors’ abilities to build both simple and complex structures. Malisch was able to reach the construction industry more directly when he joined the staff of the World of Concrete seminar program and later became editor of Concrete Construction magazine. He was then able to teach at a national level by further developing a seminar program and editorial content that featured how-to-do-it information on concrete technology, with an emphasis on contractor-related topics. During his tenure with the magazine, he began answering questions on a telephone hotline service offered by the American Society of Concrete Contractors (ASCC), and gave advice on problems related to unrealistic concrete tolerances, inadequate knowledge about plastic concrete properties, ambiguous specifications, and a wide range of other construction-related topics. In subsequent years, Malisch served as director of engineering and later as senior managing director at the American Concrete Institute. There, while supervising the engineering, marketing, and education departments, and serving as publisher of Concrete International magazine, he also interacted with other concrete-related organizations, serving on the Research, Engineering, and Standards Committee of the National Ready Mixed Concrete Association and on the ASCC Board of Directors. Along with the ACI Strategic Development Council, ASCC, and Construction Technology Laboratories, he helped to organize an Inter-Industry Working Group on Concrete Floor Issues that brought together leaders from several construction and flooring industry groups. One outcome of this group’s activity was publication of ACI 302.2R-06, “Guide for Concrete Slabs that Receive Moisture-Sensitive Flooring Materials.” Upon retirement from ACI in 2008, he was named technical director of ASCC. He was active again in forming an Inter-Industry Working Group on Reducing the Cost of Tolerance Compatibility Problems along with eight other co-sponsoring groups. He later served as principal investigator on two construction related research projects dealing with contractor-related problems. Dr. Malisch’s awards include: • 1986— Elected Fellow of the American Concrete Institute • 2004— Arthur Y. Moy Award, ACI Greater Michigan Chapter • 2006— Silver Hard Hat Award, highest award given by the Construction Writers Association • 2008— Richard D. Gaynor Award, Highest technical award given by the National Ready-Mixed Concrete Association • 2009—One of Concrete Construction magazine’s Most Influential People • 2010— Arthur R. Anderson Medal, ACI, given for outstanding contributions to the advancement of knowledge of concrete as a construction material • 2011— ACI Construction Award, given to the author of any paper of outstanding merit on concrete construction practice • 2011— ASCC Lifetime Achievement Award, ASCC’s highest honor, acknowledging recipients for their body of work within the industry and their service to ASCC • 2013— ACI Honorary member, given to a person of eminence in the field of the Institute’s interest or one who has performed extraordinary meritorious service to the Institute • 2019—Roger H. Corbetta Concrete Construction Award, ACI, given to an individual that has made significant contributions to progress in methods of concrete construction. For his dedication to the concrete construction industry, this Special Publication is a tribute to his work and is sponsored by the ACI Construction Liaison Committee. Sixteen presentations, distributed in four sessions named “Ward R. Malisch Concrete Construction Symposium,” were given at the 2017 ACI Fall Convention in Anaheim, CA. The quality of the presentations was highlighted by the participation of four former presidents of ACI: David Darwin, Terry Holland, Ken Hover and Mike Schneider. The nine manuscripts presented in this Special Publication are significant in that each paper represents authors that have been previously published in ACI. Thanks are extended to the many ACI members who reviewed the manuscripts and provided helpful technical and editorial comments which enhanced the authors’ papers. This Special Publication is but one small token of appreciation and gratitude to the more than 50-year service of Ward R. Malisch to concrete construction. He has been a source of inspiration to many as well as an example of honesty, integrity, and dedication. He has built the foundation for others to build upon in serving the concrete construction industry.


Document: 

SP-339_03

Date: 

March 1, 2020

Author(s):

Devin Daniel and Ian McFarlane

Publication:

Symposium Papers

Volume:

339

Abstract:

The use of a Performance-Based Seismic Design (PBSD) approach to design buildings that exceed 240-feet (73.2 m) tall has been common among many west coast cities. More recently, Oakland, California has been an epicenter of development that has created a market for taller buildings. The residential tower at 1640 Broadway, which is currently under construction, is the first tower designed using PBSD exceeding 240-feet (73.2 m) tall in Oakland. This is notable in terms of establishing the implementation of PBSD in a new jurisdiction. This is also notable because of the near fault location of Oakland, given that the Hayward fault is less than 3.1 miles (5 km) from the downtown region, which raises new issues such as fault normal/fault parallel ground motion scaling issues and designing for extremely high demand levels. Due to these extreme demand levels, the project consisted of high reinforcement ratios within the walls and embedded steel coupling beams. Finally, the foundation conditions were challenged by the proximity to BART tunnels and therefore consist of a hybrid mat foundation supported on deep soil mixed panels and cased steel piles. A summary of the unique aspects of the building are presented and compared with typical code compliant and PBSD towers.


Document: 

SP-339_04

Date: 

March 1, 2020

Author(s):

Mark Sarkisian, Eric Long, and David Shook

Publication:

Symposium Papers

Volume:

339

Abstract:

Performance based seismic design (PBSD) has created new opportunities for enhanced performance, improved cost efficiencies, and increased reliability of tall buildings. More specifically, flexibility with initial design methods and the utilization of response history results for design, not just verification, have emerged. This paper explores four refined design methods made available by the employment PBSD to influence seismic performance and identify areas of importance. First is the initial proportioning of reinforcement to encourage plastic hinge behavior at specific locations. Second is the initial proportioning of wall thicknesses and reinforcements to encourage a capacity-based design approach for force-controlled actions. Third is the mapping of observed strain demands in shear walls to specific detailing types such as ordinary and special boundary zones. Fourth is an efficient envelope method for the design of foundations. Through these design methods, initial proportioning can be conducted in a more refined way and targeted detailing can result in cost savings. A case study of a recently designed high-rise residential building demonstrates that cost savings can be achieved with these methods.


Document: 

SP-338_08

Date: 

March 1, 2020

Author(s):

Eldon Tipping and Bryan M. Birdwell

Publication:

Symposium Papers

Volume:

338

Abstract:

This is the second of a three-part series, the goal of which is to provide the designer and contractor with tools necessary to produce level deflected slabs on metal deck. This second part explores the role ineffective and incorrect use of ACI and AISC documents plays in designer attempts to provide his client with level deflected slabs on metal deck. Project documents often incorrectly reference ACI guide documents such as ACI 302, attempting to make their content mandatory, when that is not intended by ACI. The ACI prohibition of using guide document content without restating in mandatory language is presented and discussed. Reference is often made in design documents to the AISC Code of Standard Practice for floor elevation when the Code is silent concerning the elevation of all elements excepting that of column base plate elevation. AISC tolerances impacting floor levelness are presented and discussed. Virtually all supporting structural steel floor framing systems are comprised of a collection of secondary members (beams) which transfer gravity loads to primary members (girders) which ultimately transfer these gravity loads to vertical elements and finally to foundations. The collection of floor framing members contains some combination of un-cambered steel beams/girders and those with fabricated camber to off-set anticipated deflection of the member when subjected to the weight of concrete. The deflection of those members will vary depending on member stiffness and the resistance of connections to end rotation. The ineffectiveness of the common designer requirement that concrete be added until “the floor is level” is presented and discussed in detail.


Document: 

SP-339_08

Date: 

March 1, 2020

Author(s):

Kevin Aswegan and Ian McFarlane

Publication:

Symposium Papers

Volume:

339

Abstract:

The use of a Performance-Based Seismic Design (PBSD) approach to design buildings whose heights exceed 240 ft (73 m) has become common in many West Coast cities. This paper studies trends across 14 special reinforced concrete shear wall PBSD towers designed within the last 5 years. The primary purpose of evaluating these trends is to compare demands calculated using a linear elastic design approach (i.e. for Design Earthquake or Service Level shaking) to the demands (average results from 7 or 11 ground motions) determined through nonlinear analysis (i.e. for Maximum Considered Earthquake shaking). The specific demands evaluated include core wall shears and foundation overturning moments. The paper also demonstrates that shear and moment amplification are significant phenomena for concrete buildings, and are believed to be primarily due to nonlinear behavior, material over-strength, higher mode effects, and damping and stiffness assumptions. The results present a useful range of trends to provide an engineer guidance on the expected demands and the level of variability between projects. The paper highlights some of the reasons for the variability in these trends, and provides general proportioning recommendations.


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