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Home > Publications > International Concrete Abstracts Portal
The International Concrete Abstracts Portal is an ACI led collaboration with leading technical organizations from within the international concrete industry and offers the most comprehensive collection of published concrete abstracts.
Showing 1-5 of 1004 Abstracts search results
April 1, 2022
Nicholas Triandafilou, Mark Guirguis, Ephraim Dissen, Olu Awomolo, and Mustafa Mahamid
Fireproofing deterioration is widespread in industrial facilities throughout the country. Spalling concrete has potential to damage equipment and harm personnel. Replacing concrete fireproofing like-in-kind, without consideration for proper anchorage or material durability, does not eliminate the hazard as spalls may potentially occur again over time. However, when properly designed and installed, concrete is a durable option for replacing deficient fireproofing in aggressive environments typically present in industrial processing units. This paper presents the results of a case study on a structure in a Midwest industrial complex. Extensive concrete fireproofing repairs were performed on the structure 12 years ago. Design requirements included normal weight concrete with polypropylene fibers which enhance durability by improving cracking resistance. During a fire, the fibers melt forming relief channels for moisture to escape, thus eliminating explosive spalling. Installation methods included welded wire reinforcement (WWR) with positive anchorage to structural steel. WWR was attached to post-installed adhesive anchors between column flanges where existing fireproofing was sound and difficult to remove. After 12 years in service, repairs exhibit no significant defects. This level of durability is attributed to the design and installation methods utilized. Concrete fireproofing is a durable option for fire protection, provided structures are designed to support its weight, its mixture design is properly proportioned, and it is adequately anchored and reinforced.
J.W. Wright and C.P. Pantelides
Axial compression performance of concrete columns reinforced with GFRP bars and spiral, 2304 duplex stainless bars and spiral, and 316L stainless clad bars, in varying combinations is examined after exposure to accelerated corrosion. The hybrid columns were reinforced with a combination of metallic and GFRP reinforcement. After corrosion exposure the columns were tested under axial compression to failure. Columns with GFRP vertical bars and stainless steel spiral were less corrosion resistant and had smaller axial load capacity than hybrid columns with stainless clad or stainless steel vertical bars and GFRP spiral. Columns reinforced with stainless steel spiral achieving two to three times the maximum axial displacement of columns with GFRP spiral. Axial compression capacity of hybrid columns in both corroded and uncorroded conditions was modeled using concrete confinement models for metallic and GFRP reinforcement with good agreement.
November 1, 2021
Bhatt, P.P. and Sharma, N.
This paper presents the development of a data-driven deep neural network (DNN) for evaluating the fire resistance time of fiber-reinforced polymer (FRP) strengthened concrete beams. The model was trained for a scaled and unscaled dataset. For this, a comprehensive dataset of FRP-strengthened concrete beams with different geometry, insulation configuration, applied loading, and material characteristics was compiled. The DNN structure was selected after an extensive hyperparameter tuning in conjunction with ten-fold cross-validation scheme. The effect of different input parameters on the fire resistance prediction was analyzed. The DNN model developed using scaled data provides a reasonably accurate estimate, of the fire resistance of FRP-strengthened concrete beams with an R2 value of almost 92%. The developed model is further utilized to evaluate the impact of different parameters on fire resistance prediction for FRP-strengthened concrete beams. Results from the analysis indicate the thermal properties of insulation play an important role in determining the fire resistance of FRP-strengthened concrete beams.
Shashank Gupta, Salam Al-Obaidi, and Liberato Ferraral
Concrete and cement-based materials inherently possess an autogenous self-healing capacity, which is even higher in High- and Ultra-High-Performance Concrete (HPC, UHPC) because of the high content of cement and supplementary cementitious materials (SCM) and low water/binder ratios. In this study, quantitative correlation through statistical models have been investigated based on the meta-data analysis. The employed approaches aim at establishing a correlation between the mix proportions, exposure type, and time and width of the initial crack against suitably defined self-healing indices. This study provides a holistic investigation of the autogenous self-healing capacity of cement-based materials based on extensive literature data mining. This is also intended to pave the way towards consistent incorporation of self-healing concepts into durability-based design approaches for reinforced concrete structures. The study has shown that the exposure type and duration, crack width size, and chemical admixtures have the most significant promotion on self-healing indices. However, other parameters, such as fibers and mineral admixtures have less impact on the autogenous self-healing of UHPC. The study also proposes suitably built design charts to quickly predict and evaluate the self-healing efficiency of cement-based materials which can significantly reduce, in the design stage, the time and efforts of laboratory investigation.
April 22, 2021
Marta Roig-Flores, Eduardo J. Mezquida-Alcaraz, Ariel A. Bretón-Rodríguez, Juan Navarro-Gregori and Pedro Serna
Ultra-High-Performance Fiber-Reinforced Concrete (UHPFRC) is a type of concrete with superior mechanical and durability properties, which might be improved even further with the addition of nano-materials. This work studies the influence of adding nano-additions to two UHPFRCs with compressive strength around 150MPa (21755 psi), with and without crystalline admixtures. Two nano-materials were considered: cellulose nano-crystals (4-5 nm diameter, 50–500 nm length, 0.157-0.197 μin diameter, 1.97-19.7 μin length); in a dosage up to 0.15% by the cement weight; and aluminum oxide nanofibers (diameter 4-11nm, length 100-900nm, 0.157-0.433 μin diameter, 3.94-35.4 μin length) in a dosage of 0.25% by the cement weight. Water content of the mixes with nanomaterials was modified to maintain workability in a similar range aiming to maintain the self-compacting behavior. The following properties were analyzed: workability, compressive strength, modulus of elasticity and tensile properties calculated through a simplified inverse analysis after performing four-point bending tests. The study considered the effect of using three levels of mixing energy to ensure a proper dispersion of all the components, and its effect in the aforementioned properties. The results show a potential effect of these nanomaterials as nanoreinforcement,
with slightly better ultimate strength and strain values for the higher energy level.
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