ABOUT THE INTERNATIONAL CONCRETE ABSTRACTS PORTAL

  • The International Concrete Abstracts Portal is an ACI led collaboration with leading technical organizations from within the international concrete industry and offers the most comprehensive collection of published concrete abstracts.

International Concrete Abstracts Portal

Showing 1-5 of 1063 Abstracts search results

Document: 

SP-360_08

Date: 

March 1, 2024

Author(s):

Nadia Nassif , M. Talha Junaid, Salah Altoubat, Mohamed Maalej, and Samer Barakat

Publication:

Symposium Papers

Volume:

360

Abstract:

Fiber-reinforced polymer (FRP) bars can serve as an appropriate substitute for steel rebar due to their lightweight, high strength, and good corrosion resistance. Nevertheless, the long-term success of FRP bars as promising reinforcement in concrete depends on understanding the bond between FRP bars and concrete. ACI 440.1R-15 recommends utilizing CSA S806-12 Annex S ‘‘Test Method for Determining the Bond-Dependent Coefficient of FRP Rods” for estimating the design value of the bond-dependent coefficient (kb). However, this testing method requires a four-point loaded 3.0-meter-long beam with continuous assessment of developed crack width. Due to the complexity of the test, studies were scarce in assessing the factors affecting the kb. Therefore, this study aimed to relate the experimental kb obtained from large-scale testing to a relatively simpler bond strength value, τu , obtained from smaller-scale FRP pull-out test. The relation was established utilizing data collection for both tests from experimental studies. Three machine learning techniques (Ensembled Trees Artificial Neural Network and Gaussian Process Machines) were then applied to mimic and understand the complex bond-behaviour at varying FRP and concrete properties. The results have shown promising relation (R2>0.8) between kb and τu for different surface textures and fibre types.

DOI:

10.14359/51740620


Document: 

SP-360_02

Date: 

March 1, 2024

Author(s):

John J. Myers

Publication:

Symposium Papers

Volume:

360

Abstract:

The American Concrete Institute (ACI) 440.1R-15 Guide for the Design and Construction of Structural Concrete Reinforced with Fiber-Reinforced Polymer (FRP) Bars linearly reduces the bar stress and thereby pull-out capacity of FRP bars to zero from an embedment length at 20 bar diameters (db) or less. Most experimental research and data examine the development length of various FRP bars at longer, more traditional, embedment lengths. A database was created from select available data in literature to compare to empirical standards. This investigation examines the bond performance of short embedded FRP bars into concrete considering a pull-out failure mode to expand the understanding of short embedded FRP bars into concrete. Based upon the database collected, for the glass fiber-reinforced polymer (GFRP) rebars, the current 440.1R appear quite conservative. For the basalt fiber-reinforced polymer (BFRP) rebar database collected, the current ACI 440.1R-15 provisions appear unconservative for a statistically significant number of the specimen test results within the database. In the case of the carbon fiber-reinforced polymer (CFRP) database, which is quite limited, the data appears to develop considerably less bond strength than the current 440.1R provisions might suggest which requires deeper investigation for the case of short embedment length bonded CFRP bars.

DOI:

10.14359/51740614


Document: 

SP-360_20

Date: 

March 1, 2024

Author(s):

Emmanuel Ferrier, Laurent Michel, Andrea Armonico

Publication:

Symposium Papers

Volume:

360

Abstract:

This paper presents the crack monitoring of reinforced concrete beams strengthened with fiber reinforced polymer (FRP) sheets. Emphasis is placed on the development of a smart FRP bonded material that can measure the crack opening of a reinforced concrete beam strengthened by FRP. The reliability measured by a conventional digital image correlation (DIC) and by the proposed smart FRP is employed to assess the contribution of the FRP to control the crack. The monitoring process is based on a large set of experimental database consisting of 19 test beams. The effect of FRP to control the crack opening is studied depending on the steel ratio, FRP ratio and the level of damaged of RC beams when FRP is applied. The results were compared with the theoretical values of crack width and spacing predicted using the Eurocode 2 (EC2) formula, calibrated for non-strengthened RC elements. The corresponding results were compared in order to clarify the effect of external bonded FRP on the cracking behaviour of RC beams.

DOI:

10.14359/51740632


Document: 

SP-360_18

Date: 

March 1, 2024

Author(s):

Mohamed Bouabidi, Slimane Metiche, Radhouane Masmoudi.

Publication:

Symposium Papers

Volume:

360

Abstract:

The current market of utility poles is growing rapidly. The dominant materials that are used for this purpose are generally wood, steel, concrete, and fiber-reinforced polymers (FRP). FRP poles are gaining wide acceptance for what they provide in terms of strength and durability, lack of maintenance and a high strength to weight ratio. Hybrid structures can combine the best properties of the materials used, where each part enhances the structure to provide a balanced structure. This study evaluates a hybrid structure composed of three main layers, an outer FRP shell, a hollow concrete core and an inner hollow steel tube, this whole system is to be utilized as a tapered utility pole. The outer FRP shell provides protection and enhances the strength of the pole, the concrete core provides stiffness, and the inner steel tube enhances the flexural performance while reducing the volume in consequence the weight of the structure compared to a fully filled pole. A new design for a 12-feet long hybrid FRP pole using finite element is presented in this paper. The design was based on a parametric study evaluating the effect of key-design parameters (i.e., the thickness of FRP, the volume and strength of the concrete, the thickness and diameter of the steel tube). Concrete strength affected the general performance of the pole, the decrease in concrete strength due to utilizing lightweight concrete was compensated with increasing the FRP pole thickness. For the same pole configuration, with incremental variation of the FRP thickness values from 3 mm to 7 mm up to the initial concrete cracking load, no significant variation of the pole top deflection was observed. However, at failure load the increase of FRP thickness from 3 mm to 7 mm decreased the ultimate tip deflection by 50%. New hybrid utility poles have the potential to be an interesting alternative solution to the conventional poles as they can provide better durability and mechanical performances.

DOI:

10.14359/51740630


Document: 

SP-360_04

Date: 

March 1, 2024

Author(s):

Ali Alatify and Yail J. Kim

Publication:

Symposium Papers

Volume:

360

Abstract:

The serviceability and ultimate limit states of a concrete member are reliant upon the bond of reinforcement. The performance of glass fiber reinforced polymer (GFRP) reinforced concrete structures is influenced by multiple parameters and one of these parameters is the bond length of GFRP rebars. The scope of the present research is to experimentally study the effects of fully and partially bonded rebars on the load-bearing capacity and cracking of GFRP-reinforced concrete beams. The beams with partially bonded reinforcement show reduced capacities compared with those with fully bonded reinforcement, and the former reveals localized cracks. The partially bonded beams fail as a result of concrete splitting, while their fully bonded counterparts fail by concrete crushing.

DOI:

10.14359/51740616


12345...>>

Results Per Page