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International Concrete Abstracts Portal

Showing 1-5 of 590 Abstracts search results

Document: 

SP-351_07

Date: 

April 1, 2022

Author(s):

Neal S. Berke and Ali N. Inceefe

Publication:

Symposium Papers

Volume:

351

Abstract:

Major bridges are requiring extended service lives of 100 years or more. This requires the use of high performance concretes and often enhanced corrosion protection provided by improved corrosion resistance of the reinforcing bars by using alloying, coatings, and/or corrosion inhibitors. Producing the entire bridge deck out of high performance concrete can lead to excessive cracking due to autogenous and drying shrinkage. Though this can be reduced by using shrinkage reducing admixtures or lightweight fines, the cost to implement these techniques for a full deck is high. However, a high performance concrete overlay uses considerably less high performance concrete, and as such can reduce the overall cost of the bridge deck and potentially allow for use of a more user friendly, less costly base concrete. This paper models the service life of a bridge deck using a high performance overlay. A probabilistic approach is used and the effect of cracking is included.


Document: 

SP-350_03

Date: 

November 1, 2021

Author(s):

Shashank Gupta, Salam Al-Obaidi, and Liberato Ferraral

Publication:

Symposium Papers

Volume:

350

Abstract:

Concrete and cement-based materials inherently possess an autogenous self-healing capacity, which is even higher in High- and Ultra-High-Performance Concrete (HPC, UHPC) because of the high content of cement and supplementary cementitious materials (SCM) and low water/binder ratios. In this study, quantitative correlation through statistical models have been investigated based on the meta-data analysis. The employed approaches aim at establishing a correlation between the mix proportions, exposure type, and time and width of the initial crack against suitably defined self-healing indices. This study provides a holistic investigation of the autogenous self-healing capacity of cement-based materials based on extensive literature data mining. This is also intended to pave the way towards consistent incorporation of self-healing concepts into durability-based design approaches for reinforced concrete structures. The study has shown that the exposure type and duration, crack width size, and chemical admixtures have the most significant promotion on self-healing indices. However, other parameters, such as fibers and mineral admixtures have less impact on the autogenous self-healing of UHPC. The study also proposes suitably built design charts to quickly predict and evaluate the self-healing efficiency of cement-based materials which can significantly reduce, in the design stage, the time and efforts of laboratory investigation.

DOI:

10.14359/51734310


Document: 

SP-349_24

Date: 

April 22, 2021

Author(s):

Marta Roig-Flores, Eduardo J. Mezquida-Alcaraz, Ariel A. Bretón-Rodríguez, Juan Navarro-Gregori and Pedro Serna

Publication:

Symposium Papers

Volume:

349

Abstract:

Ultra-High-Performance Fiber-Reinforced Concrete (UHPFRC) is a type of concrete with superior mechanical and durability properties, which might be improved even further with the addition of nano-materials. This work studies the influence of adding nano-additions to two UHPFRCs with compressive strength around 150MPa (21755 psi), with and without crystalline admixtures. Two nano-materials were considered: cellulose nano-crystals (4-5 nm diameter, 50–500 nm length, 0.157-0.197 μin diameter, 1.97-19.7 μin length); in a dosage up to 0.15% by the cement weight; and aluminum oxide nanofibers (diameter 4-11nm, length 100-900nm, 0.157-0.433 μin diameter, 3.94-35.4 μin length) in a dosage of 0.25% by the cement weight. Water content of the mixes with nanomaterials was modified to maintain workability in a similar range aiming to maintain the self-compacting behavior. The following properties were analyzed: workability, compressive strength, modulus of elasticity and tensile properties calculated through a simplified inverse analysis after performing four-point bending tests. The study considered the effect of using three levels of mixing energy to ensure a proper dispersion of all the components, and its effect in the aforementioned properties. The results show a potential effect of these nanomaterials as nanoreinforcement, with slightly better ultimate strength and strain values for the higher energy level.

DOI:

10.14359/51732757


Document: 

SP-349_18

Date: 

April 22, 2021

Author(s):

Ivan Janotka, Michal Bačuvčík, Peter Paulík, and Lukáš Húlek

Publication:

Symposium Papers

Volume:

349

Abstract:

A layer of 2-4 mm (0.08-0.16 in) protective render coat (PRC) has proven to be an effective anticarbonation barrier at two bridges protecting the underlying concrete against carbonation for 100 years. The carbonation of concrete under the PRC with low permeability was found to be less than 2 mm (0.08 in). It is assumed that the PRC was placed for aesthetic purposes. Taking into account the considered XC3 exposure class according to EN 206, to which concrete structures were subjected and compressive strengths of the underlying concrete between 20 - 25 MPa (2900 - 3625 psi), low carbonation depth can be explained by the presence of the PRC applied on concrete surface. The main scientific goal of this article is to explain the cause of extremely low carbonation depth of concrete under the PRC. Its composition has been unknown until now but the present research reveals the secret of this substance. Investigations of the aspects of low carbonation depth thoroughly focused on the PRC role covering concrete beneath as well as material development of new current PRC based on the present cement and sand, without the use of chemical admixtures, are also the subject of ongoing research.

DOI:

10.14359/51732751


Document: 

SP-349_51

Date: 

April 22, 2021

Author(s):

Erandi Ariyachandra, Sulapha Peethamparan

Publication:

Symposium Papers

Volume:

349

Abstract:

The utilization of recycled concrete as an adsorbent to sequester NO2 without additives or catalysts is an innovative, cost-effective, and sustainable approach to capture NO2 from targeted industrial facilities. During NO2 sequestration, alkaline products such as calcium hydroxide (CH) in the adhered old mortar of recycled concrete can react with NO2 to form Ca(NO2)2 and Ca(NO3)2. Thus, the use of NO2 sequestered recycled concrete aggregates (NRCA) as a constituent of concrete can be beneficial since Ca(NO2)2 and Ca(NO3)2-based chemical compounds are widely used as multi-functional admixtures for concrete applications. This study investigates the influence of the properties of the parent (demolished) concrete on the mechanical and durability performance of NRCA incorporated ordinary portland cement (OPC) concrete. Two types of recycled concrete aggregate (RCA) were derived from 2 and 20-year old concrete blocks to produce two types of NRCA—2-NRCA (2-year-old NRCA) and 20-NRCA (20-yearold NRCA) by exposing them to a humidified air/NO2 mixture (at RH = 50% and 23±2°C) for two weeks. NRCA was used as a partial replacement for natural fine aggregate in fresh OPC mixtures at 20% and 40% rates by volume. The influence of NRCA on concrete compressive strength, porosity, and long-term chloride diffusion coefficients were assessed. In addition, open-circuit and potentiodynamic polarization tests were conducted to evaluate the resistance to chloride-induced corrosion of steel in concrete. Control test mixtures containing a commercially available Ca(NO2)2 based corrosion inhibitorwere also tested for comparison purposes. Both types of NRCA enhanced the mechanical and durability properties of concrete compared to control mixtures. Test mixtures containing 2-NRCA showed better resistance against chloride-induced corrosion than concrete with 20-NRCA.

DOI:

10.14359/51732784


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