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International Concrete Abstracts Portal

Showing 1-5 of 346 Abstracts search results

Document: 

22-290

Date: 

May 1, 2024

Author(s):

Ahmed T. Omar, Basem H. AbdelAleem, Assem A. A. Hassan

Publication:

Materials Journal

Abstract:

This paper investigates the structural performance of lightweight self-consolidating concrete (LWSCC) and lightweight vibrated concrete (LWVC) beam-column joints reinforced with mono-filament polyvinyl alcohol (PVA) fibers under quasi-static reversed cyclic loading. A total of eight exterior beam-column joints with different lightweight aggregate types (coarse and fine expanded slate aggregates), different PVA fiber lengths (8-12 mm [0.315-0.472 in.]), and different percentages of fiber (0.3% and 1%) were cast and tested. The structural performance of the tested joints was assessed in terms of failure mode, hysteretic response, stiffness degradation, ductility, brittleness index, and energy dissipation capacity. The results revealed that LWSCC specimens made with expanded slate fine aggregates (LF) appeared to have better structural performance under reversed cyclic load compared to specimens containing expanded slate coarse aggregates (LC). Shortening the length of PVA fibers enhanced the structural performance of LWSCC beam-column joints (BCJs) in terms of initial stiffness, load-carrying capacity, ductility, cracking activity, and energy dissipation capacity compared to longer fibers. The results also indicated that using an optimized LWVC mixture with 1% PVA8 fibers and a high LC/LF aggregate ratio helped to develop joints with significantly enhanced load-carrying capacity, ductility, and energy dissipation while maintaining reduced self-weight of 28% lower than normal-weight concrete.

DOI:

10.14359/51740773


Document: 

23-101

Date: 

May 1, 2024

Author(s):

Le Teng, Alfred Addai-Nimoh, and Kamal H. Khayat

Publication:

Materials Journal

Volume:

121

Issue:

3

Abstract:

This study evaluates the potential to use shrinkage-reducing admixture (SRA) and pre-saturated lightweight sand (LWS) to shorten the external moist-curing requirement of ultra-high-performance concrete (UHPC), which is critical in some applications where continuous moist-curing is challenging. Key characteristics of UHPC prepared with and without SRA and LWS and under 3 days, 7 days, and continuous moist curing were investigated. Results indicate that the combined incorporation of 1% SRA and 17% LWS can shorten the required moist-curing duration because such a mixture under 3 days of moist curing exhibited low total shrinkage of 360 με and compressive strength of 135 MPa (19,580 psi) at 56 days, and flexural strength of 18 MPa (2610 psi) at 28 days. This mixture subjected to 3 days of moist curing had a similar hydration degree and 25% lower capillary porosity in paste compared to the Reference UHPC prepared without any SRA and LWS and under continuous moist curing. The incorporation of 17% LWS promoted cement hydration and silica fume pozzolanic reaction to a degree similar to extending the moist-curing duration from 3 to 28 days and offsetting the impact of SRA on reducing cement hydration. The lower capillary porosity in the paste compensated for the porosity induced by porous LWS to secure an acceptable level of total porosity of UHPC.

DOI:

10.14359/51740566


Document: 

22-164

Date: 

April 1, 2024

Author(s):

Avinaya Tripathi, Sooraj A. O. Nair, Harshitsinh Chauhan, and Narayanan Neithalath

Publication:

Materials Journal

Volume:

121

Issue:

2

Abstract:

Conventional approaches to concrete three-dimensional (3-D) printing relies on printing concrete in a straight (linear) print path, with layers overlaid on top of each other. This results in interlayer and interfilament joints being potential weak spots that compromise the mechanical performance. This paper evaluates simple alterations to the print geometry to mitigate some of these effects. A printable mixture with 30% of limestone powder replacing cement (by mass), with a 28-day compressive strength of approximately 70 MPa in the strongest direction is used. S- and 3-shaped print paths are evaluated as alternatives to the linear print path. Staggering of the layers ensures that the interfilament joints do not lie on the same plane along the depth. Flexural strength enhancement is observed when print geometries are changed and/or layers are staggered. The study shows that print geometry modifications mitigate mechanical property reductions attributed to interfilament defects in 3-D concrete printing.

DOI:

10.14359/51740262


Document: 

22-286

Date: 

April 1, 2024

Author(s):

K. Sriram Kompella, Andrea Marcucci, Francesco Lo Monte, Marinella Levi, and Liberato Ferrara

Publication:

Materials Journal

Volume:

121

Issue:

2

Abstract:

The early-age material parameters of three-dimensional (3-D)-printable concrete defined under the umbrella of printability, namely, pumpability, extrudability, buildability, and the “printability window/open time,” are subjective measures. The need to correlate and successively substitute these subjective measures with objective and accepted material properties, such as tensile strength, shear strength, and compressive strength, is paramount. This study validates new testing methodologies to quantify the tensile and shear strengths of printable fiber-reinforced concretes still in their fresh state. A tailored mixture with high sulfoaluminate cement and nonstructural basalt fibers has been assumed as a reference. The relation between the previously mentioned parameters and rheological parameters, such as yield strength obtained through International Center for Aggregates Research (ICAR) rheometer tests, is also explored. Furthermore, in an attempt to pave the way and contribute toward a better understanding of the mechanical properties of 3-D-printed concrete, to be further transferred into design procedures, a comparative study analyzing the work of fracture per unit crack width in three-point bending has been performed on printed and companion nominally identical monolithically cast specimens, investigating the effects of printing directions, position in the printed circuit, and specimen slenderness (length to depth) ratio.

DOI:

10.14359/51740302


Document: 

21-335

Date: 

April 1, 2024

Author(s):

Zainab Hashim Abbas Alsalami and Fatima Hashim Abbas

Publication:

Materials Journal

Volume:

121

Issue:

2

Abstract:

Ultra-high-performance concrete (UHPC) is considered a sophisticated concrete construction solution for infrastructure and other structures because of its premium mechanical traits and superior durability. Fibers have a special effect on the properties of UHPC, especially as this type of concrete suffers from high autogenous shrinkage due to its high cementitious content, so the properties and volume fraction of fibers are more important in UHPC. This study will describe previous related works on the mechanical behavior of UHPC specimens reinforced with micro- and nanoscale fibers, and compare of the behavior of UHPC reinforced with microfibers to that reinforced with nanofibers. The compressive strength, flexural behavior, and durability aspects of UHPC reinforced with nanoand/or microscale variable types of fibers were studied to highlight the issues and make a new direction for other authors.

DOI:

10.14359/51740369


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