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Home > Publications > International Concrete Abstracts Portal
The International Concrete Abstracts Portal is an ACI led collaboration with leading technical organizations from within the international concrete industry and offers the most comprehensive collection of published concrete abstracts.
Showing 1-5 of 14 Abstracts search results
October 9, 2019
Moncef L. Nehdi
To improve the eco-efficiency and sustainability of concrete, the cement and concrete industry can exploit many byproducts in applications that could, in some cases, outperform conventional materials made with traditional ingredients. This Special Publication of the American Concrete Institute Committee 555 (Concrete with Recycled Materials) is a contribution towards improving the sustainability of concrete via using recycled materials, such as scrap tire rubber and tire steel wire fiber, GFRP waste, fluff, reclaimed asphalt pavements, recycled latex paint, and recycled concrete aggregate. Advancing knowledge in this area should introduce the use of recycled materials in concrete for applications never considered before, while achieving desirable performance criteria economically, without compromising the quality and long-term performance of the concrete civil infrastructure.
September 30, 2019
Mohammed S. Eisa, Ahmed Ibrahim, and Olaniyi Arowojolu
High strength concrete (HSC) is considered a material which have been implemented in many construction applications. The effect of Metakaolin (MK) and steel fiber (SF) combinations on the mechanical properties of HSC was investigated in this paper. Concrete mixtures’ compressive strength split tensile strength and bond strength were evaluated. All mixtures were designed as a grade M60 with various levels of cement replacement with high percentages of MK (10%, 15%, 20%, 30%, 40%, and 50% by weight of cement) and steel fibers (0.25% and 0.50% by volume fraction). The results of this study were compared to the recent similar studies conducted, and it showed consistence conclusions. Test results revealed that a 15% of MK as replacement of cement showed the highest compressive and tensile strengths. Even with 50% of cement replacement with MK and SF, the mixtures showed good mechanical properties compared to the 100% cement concrete.
Alessandro P. Fantilli and Bernardino Chiaia
A detailed investigation on the use of automotive shredder residues, the so-called fluff, as an alternative aggregate of structural lightweight concrete, is the subject of the present
paper. Specifically, a new granulated fluff, obtained through a granulation process already used to treat returned concrete, substitutes the traditional gravel made with expanded clay. Slump values are measured with the slump cone test on fresh concrete, whereas the depth of penetration of water under pressure, and the uniaxial compressive tests as well, are performed on hardened concrete cylinders. As a result, a new parameter, herein called “inconsistency parameter”, is introduced and used to define both the mechanical properties (i.e., the strength and ductility) and the workability of the lightweight concretes made with virgin or plastic waste
aggregates. According to the required structural performances in service, the optimal value of the inconsistency parameter can be defined as a function of both the water/cement ratio and the content of the granulated fluff.
Fariborz M Tehrani, John Carreon, and Nathan Miller
Detailed experimental and analytical studies were carried to investigate the effect of recycled tire-derived aggregates (TDA) on ductility and toughness of lightweight aggregate (LWA) concrete specimens containing coarse expanded shale aggregates and fine mineral aggregates. Investigations covered six different concrete mix with various portions of LWA replaced by TDA. Mechanical properties of each mix, including compressive strength, splitting tensile strength, flexural strength, and modulus of elasticity were measured to obtain the optimum range of TDA to LWA ratio. Further, dynamic destructive tests were carried to highlight the performance of tire-derived lightweight aggregate concrete (TDLWAC) subjected to impact loads. Moreover, the post-peak behavior of these specimens was modeled using a linear elastic fracture mechanics relationship. The model successfully demonstrated the effect of TDA in the enhancement of cracking behavior of TDLWAC.
A. Said and O. Quiroz
In the U.S. and around the world, large amounts of waste latex paint are generated annually, which creates a significant challenge in terms of disposal in an economic manner. Paint contains some chemicals that may be harmful to the environment if recycled as it contains volatile organic compounds. However, waste latex paint can be used to produce an economic latex-modified pervious concrete that is similar or superior to regular pervious concrete. Previous studies investigated recycling waste latex paint in concrete applications such as sidewalks. This study investigates the use of waste latex paint in producing pervious concrete and the effect of using different ratios of paint addition on the properties of the studied mixtures. The properties evaluated included physical, mechanical and hydraulic properties. Results show that while waste latex paint recycling in pervious concrete can slightly reduce its mechanical properties at 5% polymer to cement content, it can still be a viable option to prevent paint disposal in landfills.
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