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Showing 1-5 of 11 Abstracts search results

Document: 

SP313

Date: 

March 6, 2017

Publication:

Symposium Papers

Volume:

313

Abstract:

Editors: Kyuichi Maruyama and Andrew W. Taylor

The First American Concrete Institute (ACI) and Japan Concrete Institute (JCI) joint seminar was conceived as a vehicle for promoting collaboration and cooperation between two organizations that are dedicated to the global advancement of concrete technology. In September 2012 ACI President James Wight, and ACI Executive Vice President Ronald Burg, visited the headquarters of JCI and discussed ways to promote collaboration between ACI and JCI with JCI President Taketo Uomoto and JCI Executive Directors. A joint ACI and JCI technical seminar was proposed as a way to share knowledge and foster collaboration between the two organizations. Subsequent discussions between Ronald Burg and JCI Executive Director Kyuichi Maruyama led to a joint seminar planning meeting, held at the ACI convention in Minneapolis, Minnesota, in April 2013.

This volume contains the technical papers presented at the First ACI & JCI Joint Seminar, held in Waimea, Island of Hawaii, Hawaii, July 16 to 18, 2014. The theme of the joint seminar was “Design of Concrete Structures Against Earthquake and Tsunami Disasters.” Five papers were presented by authors from ACI, and five papers from JCI. Three papers are related to tsunami loads and structural design requirements, and seven are related to seismic analysis and design.

The three papers on tsunami effects included a summary by Nakano of structural design requirements for tsunami evacuation buildings in Japan; an overview by Chock of the new tsunami load and design requirements in the United States; and a study by Maruyama et al. on the evaluation of tsunami forces acting on bridge girders.

The seven papers on seismic effects addressed topics ranging from seismic design standards to innovative methods of construction for seismic retrofit. Parra-Montesinos et al. presented the results of experiments on fiber-reinforced coupling beams, as well as design guidelines. Teshigawara discussed JCI contributions to the ISO Standard for seismic evaluation and retrofit of existing concrete structures. A summary of a project on the use of high-strength reinforcement for seismic design was presented by Kelly et al., including findings that are based on extensive prior research on high-strength reinforcement in Japan. Shiohara described the results of a study that supports the new Architectural Institute of Japan (AIJ) Standard for Seismic Capacity Calculation, with a focus on beam-column joints and collapse simulation. Matamoros presented a study of factors that affect drift ratio at axial failure of nonductile reinforced concrete buildings. A study of the seismic response of reinforced concrete bridge piers, including the effects of interaction between piles and soil, was presented by Maki et al. Finally, French et al. discussed an overview of lessons learned from laboratory testing of reinforced concrete shear walls.

The day after the joint seminar a meeting was held between ACI and JCI officials to discuss future collaboration and joint seminars. Representing ACI were President William E. Rushing, and the ACI Executive Vice President, Ronald Burg. Representing JCI were President Hirozo Mihashi, and Chair of the JCI Committee on JCI-ACI Collaboration, Kyuichi Maruyama. It was resolved to hold a second joint seminar, to be hosted by JCI in Tokyo, in conjunction with the 50th anniversary celebrations of the founding of JCI on July 13, 2015. In addition, subsequent discussions between ACI and JCI led to plans for the third joint seminar, to be hosted by ACI at the ACI Convention in Anaheim, California, in October 2017.

It is hoped that this collection of papers will serve to advance the state of analysis and design of concrete structures against earthquakes and tsunamis in both the United States and Japan, and that it will serve as a model for future collaboration between ACI and JCI.

Note: The individual papers are also available. Please click on the following link to view the papers available, or call 248.848.3800 to order. SP-313


Document: 

SP-313_05

Date: 

March 1, 2017

Author(s):

Masaomi Teshigawara

Publication:

Symposium Papers

Volume:

313

Abstract:

In the U.S., the specified yield strength of primary reinforcement of special concrete moment frames and special concrete shear walls may not exceed 60 ksi. As part of the Applied Technology Council ATC-98 Project, the use of high-strength reinforcement as primary reinforcement for seismicforce- resisting systems (SFRS) was studied. The purpose of the project was to examine the feasibility of using reinforcement with a specified yield strength greater than 60 ksi and, if feasible, to recommend changes in design requirements and reinforcing steel specifications. The use of ASTM A706 Grade 80 was specifically examined, and it was determined that Grade 80 reinforcement could be used with little change to ACI 318. It was also found that additional research is needed before complete recommendations for use of Grades 100 and 120 reinforcement can be made.


Document: 

SP-313_09

Date: 

March 1, 2017

Author(s):

Takeshi Maki, Hiroshi Mutsuyoshi and Anawat Chotesuwan

Publication:

Symposium Papers

Volume:

313

Abstract:

After the Kobe earthquake in 1995 in Japan, many reinforced concrete (RC) bridge piers have been strengthened using various techniques, such as steel jacketing and concrete jacketing. It is anticipated that, when the next strong earthquake comes, foundations will possibly be damaged because of the enhanced capacity of the pier. In this paper, the seismic response of reinforced concrete (RC) bridge piers and foundations were evaluated using the substructure pseudo-dynamic (S-PSD) testing method for cases in which strengthening was provided to the pier and foundation. The S-PSD testing method for bridge pier-foundations was first developed. Based on the developed method, damage in a foundation that supported a strengthened pier was investigated through a pier specimen loading. In addition, the response of a strengthened bridge pier with a strengthened foundation was also examined through a foundation specimen loading. The possibility of foundation damage due to pier strengthening and the effectiveness of foundation strengthening were finally confirmed.


Document: 

SP-313_10

Date: 

March 1, 2017

Author(s):

Catherine E. French, Beth Brueggen, Sri Sritharan, Sriram R. Aaleti, Suzanne Dow Nakaki

Publication:

Symposium Papers

Volume:

313

Abstract:

Nonrectangular reinforced concrete shear walls are often used in building systems as a means of resisting lateral forces. A collaborative research effort was conducted to investigate the behavior of nonrectangular wall systems subjected to multi-directional loading. The study included unidirectional tests on three rectangular walls to examine the effects of longitudinal reinforcement anchorage. This paper mainly discusses issues encountered in the design of the prototype T-shaped wall from a six-story office building assigned to Seismic Design Category D, and some of the outcomes of the tests. Design issues included investigation of critical biaxial loading combinations, distribution of design forces among individual walls, and detailing of the wall to comply with ACI 318-02 Building Code Requirements for Structural Concrete [1]. Test results confirmed the beneficial effects of eliminating lapped splices from plastic hinge regions, and the advantages of distributing vertical reinforcement, which include reduced shear lag and reduced crack widths in the wall section especially between the confined regions.


Document: 

SP-313_01

Date: 

March 1, 2017

Author(s):

Yoshiaki Nakano

Publication:

Symposium Papers

Volume:

313

Abstract:

The Great East Japan Earthquake that struck northern Japan in March 2011 caused devastating tsunami damage, both to property and human life. To evacuate inland or to elevated ground is the primary action immediately to be taken in coastal areas after a felt earthquake. But there are plenty of communities where people simply cannot evacuate in time, and constructing tsunami evacuation buildings at strategic locations is therefore vital means to effectively mitigate human damage. After the 2011 catastrophic tsunami event, a joint team of the Institute of Industrial Science, The University of Tokyo (IIS UTokyo) and the Building Research Institute (BRI) extensively inspected tsunami damaged buildings and investigated their lateral strength, structural type, site condition, observed damage etc. In November 2011, The Ministry of Land, Infrastructure, Transport and Tourism newly issued the Interim Guidelines on the Structural Design of Tsunami Evacuation Buildings considering new findings, improved knowledge, and various experiences learned through the repeated damage investigations (Guidelines 2011). This paper presents the outline of the structural requirements for tsunami evacuation buildings stipulated in the new Japanese Interim Guidelines 2011. Following the Guidelines 2011, the relationship between structural size, required lateral strength, and tsunami inundation depth is also studied and discussed herein.


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