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International Concrete Abstracts Portal

Showing 1-5 of 12 Abstracts search results

Document: 

SP297-06

Date: 

March 6, 2014

Author(s):

Jose C. Alvarez and Sergio F. Brena

Publication:

Symposium Papers

Volume:

297

Abstract:

Rehabilitation of structures requires knowledge on the anticipated nonlinear behavior of building components. Column retrofitting using jackets made of different materials, designed to counter deficiencies in the original design, can be used to improve the overall performance of an existing building. This paper presents a procedure to obtain the backbone nonlinear response of jacketed columns based on existing experimental results for this class of elements. Column jacketing has been used in the past to increase ductility and strength of reinforced concrete columns. Jacket designs can be varied to selectively improve the lateral-load response of columns depending on the original design deficiency. A uniform methodology or specific recommendations on how to estimate the response of jacketed columns with different jacket materials types do not exist. Existing experimental data are used to determine the backbone nonlinear response of jacketed columns. These data are then used to develop recommendations to determine non-linear force and deformation parameters of jacketed columns. Although the most common types of jackets used are made from: concrete, steel, and FRP, only the last two are included in this paper. The backbone curves thus generated can then be used in performance assessment of reinforced concrete buildings where columns have been jacketed.

DOI:

10.14359/51686903


Document: 

SP297-03

Date: 

March 6, 2014

Author(s):

Jong‐Su Jeon, Laura N. Lowes, Reginald DesRoches

Publication:

Symposium Papers

Volume:

297

Abstract:

The results of laboratory testing and earthquake reconnaissance studies of reinforced concrete frames indicate that beam‐column joint deformation can determine total frame deformation and that for older buildings joint failure can result in frames losing lateral and gravity load carrying capacity. Given the impact of joints on frame response, numerical models used to evaluate the earthquake performance of reinforced concrete frames must include nonlinear joint models. This paper reviews previously proposed models for simulating joint response with the objective of identifying models that provide i) accurate simulation of response to earthquake loading, ii) simple implementation in nonlinear analysis software, iii) numerical robustness, iv) computational efficiency, and v) objective calibration procedures. Ultimately, no set of models was identified that met all of these requirements for the range of geometric and design parameters found in reinforced concrete buildings in the United States. With the objective of extending current modeling capabilities for interior joints, an experimental data set was assembled. The data set was used to evaluate existing envelope response models and used to calibrate cyclic response parameters for use with the preferred existing model. A new response model for interior beam‐column joints is presented that meets the above requirements for the range of geometric and design parameters found in reinforced concrete buildings in the United States.

DOI:

10.14359/51686900


Document: 

SP297-05

Date: 

March 6, 2014

Author(s):

Amy C. Hufnagel, YeongAe Heo, and Thomas H.-K. Kang

Publication:

Symposium Papers

Volume:

297

Issue:

1-16

Abstract:

Over the past few decades, flat plate concrete building systems have been widely adopted in the United States and other countries because it enables not only to save construction time and cost but also to make better use of interior spaces. However, it has been observed that such buildings whose columns are cast into the concrete flat plate are highly vulnerable to collapse. Such integrated slab-column frames have suffered severe damage or completely collapsed during the past earthquake events. The main failure mode of these structures is punching shear. Although a general guideline for seismic design and a seismic rehabilitation design guideline for both existing and new reinforced concrete frame structures are specified in ACI 318 and ACI 369R, respectively, many uncertainties have still resided in the modeling parameters to accurately predict seismic behavior of the flat plate concrete frame structures. Therefore, a new chart of allowable plastic rotation values for correlating values of gravity shear ratio is presented in this study with the objective of updating the modeling parameters of ACI 369R. The major issues which lead to errors in evaluating flat plate concrete structural behavior under seismic loads are thoroughly investigated. Also, dominant parameters from previous and recent experiments on integrated slab-column connections subjected to seismic loading are utilized to assess the estimation of seismic performance of the flat plate system based on ACI 369R. Consequently, although it is confirmed that there is a trend in correlation between the allowable plastic rotation and gravity shear ratio while almost no correlation is observed with reinforcement ratio, more experimental data are necessary to enhance this correlation study. It is also noticed that the current ACI 369 recommendations for allowable plastic rotation values for slab-column connection under seismic and gravity loading are unconservative.

DOI:

10.14359/51686902


Document: 

SP297-04

Date: 

March 6, 2014

Author(s):

Anna C. Birely, Laura N. Lowes, and Dawn E. Lehman

Publication:

Symposium Papers

Volume:

297

Issue:

1-18

Abstract:

ASCE/SEI 41-06 provides guidelines for evaluating the seismic adequacy of existing buildings. For nonlinear dynamic analysis of a building, ASCE 41 provides modeling parameters to define the backbone curve for the response of structural components. Seismic adequacy is then determined by comparing simulated response to predetermined acceptance criteria. In the reinforced concrete (RC) community, there is interest in evaluating the modeling parameters and acceptance criteria for RC components, and if deemed necessary, developing updated values that reflect the current state of understanding of the seismic performance of RC components. For some structural components (e.g. columns), large databases of experimental data can be used to develop empirical acceptance criteria that reflect the behavior of the component. In the case of slender structural walls, relatively limited tests have been conducted such that sufficient variation in critical design and loading characteristics including shape, aspect ratio (elevation and cross-sectional), confinement, and axial load are not represented by experimental data to justify use of an experimental database to develop acceptance criteria. Evaluation of this limited set of experimental data indicates current ASCE 41 modeling parameters and acceptance criteria for flexure-controlled walls is inappropriate, generally resulting in overprediction of wall deformation capacity at high axial load ratios and underprediction at low axial load ratios and low shear demands. Although suitable for evaluation of criteria, the data set is not sufficiently varied such that revised provisions can be developed. To overcome the lack of sufficient experimental data, a parameter study was conducted to provide data to support development of updated acceptance criteria. The parameter study was conducted using a modeling approach validated to provide accurate simulation of flexural failures in slender reinforced concrete walls. Simulation results were used to develop preliminary recommendations for revised modeling parameters for slender RC walls. An evaluation of these simulation results and preliminary recommendations for revised flexure-controlled RC wall modeling parameters are presented in this paper.

DOI:

10.14359/51686901


Document: 

SP297-01

Date: 

March 6, 2014

Author(s):

W. M. Ghannoum and A.B. Matamoros

Publication:

Symposium Papers

Volume:

297

Abstract:

A database of 490 pseudo-static tests of reinforced concrete columns subjected to load reversals was used to evaluate nonlinear modeling parameters that define the lateral force versus lateral deformation envelope relation of columns under seismic excitations. Based on the modeling parameters, criteria that identify acceptable deformation levels at various performance objectives are proposed. The effects of bi-directional loading and number-of-cycles of the displacement history on the drift ratio at axial failure are discussed, and recommendations are given to account for such effects. Modeling parameters and acceptance criteria are provided in a format that is consistent with provisions of the ASCE 41-06 Standard entitled “Seismic Rehabilitation of Existing Structures”.

DOI:

10.14359/51686898


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