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Home > Publications > International Concrete Abstracts Portal
The International Concrete Abstracts Portal is an ACI led collaboration with leading technical organizations from within the international concrete industry and offers the most comprehensive collection of published concrete abstracts.
Showing 1-5 of 10 Abstracts search results
June 1, 2009
Editors: Yixin Shao and Ashish Dubey / Sponsored by: ACI Committee 549
This CD-ROM consists of papers that were presented at a session sponsored by Committee 549 at the Fall 2007 Convention in Fajardo, Puerto Rico. The objective of the symposium was to have a state-of-the-art review on the development of fabrication methods for cementitious products and explore their potential market opportunity in residential and industrial building applications.
Note: The individual papers are also available. Please click on the following link to view the papers available, or call 248.848.3800 to order.
H. Ball Jr.
Typical demolding times of GFRC cast parts are typically 16 hours. This has limited the acceptance of GFRC, or any cement based product, into products requiring high volume production because of the high costs of multiple molds associated with a material chemistry with such long demolding times. This paper discusses a unique system utilizing Portland Type I cement, a fast setting
cement and specially designed mixing equipment to process the material so that demolding times in the 1 to 2 hour range are possible. A conventional weight formula (128 pcf or 2048 kg/m3 ) and a lightweight formula (71 pcf or 1136 kg/m3) are available. For convenience, the formulas are supplied
The paper discusses the variety of processes that are used to manufacture GFRC products. It also includes descriptions of how the processes have developed and the reasons for their development.
Y. Shao and S. Wang
Carbonation curing of cellulose fiberboard made by slurry-dewatering process was studied to examine their CO2 uptake capability, immediate carbonation strength and long term strength after subsequent hydration. Influencing parameters on CO2 uptake and strength gain were discussed. They
included compact forming pressure, drying time, drying temperature, carbonation duration, fiber/cement ratio and water/cement ratio. It was found that cement bonded cellulose fiberboards had excellent carbonation capacity. The percent carbon uptake ranged from 13.5 % to 23.6%, based on cement content and process conditions. High degree of carbonation significantly improved early age strength and had no detrimental effect on the subsequent hydration strength. To promote more CO2 uptake and higher strength gain, carbonation rate should be controlled. This can be achieved through system optimization. Carbonation curing has shown the potential to replace traditional autoclaving and gain technical, economical and environmental benefits.
K.G. Kuder and S.P. Shah
Extruded high-performance fiber-reinforced cementitious composites (HPFRCC) offer a number of benefits over the materials currently used in residential construction, including improved strength, ductility and durability, increased design flexibility, improved safety in the event of natural hazards and greater affordability. Despite these benefits, the use of extruded HPFRCC is not
widespread in North America. Current extruded HPFRCC are difficult to nail, requiring excessive force to nail and often cracking due to nailing stresses. Research at the Center for Advanced Cement-Based Materials (ACBM), headquartered at Northwestern University, has focused on developing nailable
extruded composites. Using a previously developed test method, the nailing performance of extruded HPFRCC was evaluated and compared with commercial products. Existing cavity expansion- and fracture mechanics- based models were used to determine the material parameters required for
nailing. The results indicate that by tailoring both the matrix and the fiber reinforcement, nailable extruded composites can be produced. Nailable extruded HPFRCC have a reasonably low density and compressive strength (to allow for nail penetration) and a high fracture toughness (to resist cracking
due the nailing stresses).
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