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Home > Publications > International Concrete Abstracts Portal
The International Concrete Abstracts Portal is an ACI led collaboration with leading technical organizations from within the international concrete industry and offers the most comprehensive collection of published concrete abstracts.
Showing 1-5 of 12 Abstracts search results
March 1, 2004
A. Tagnit-Hamou and S. Laldji
The use of mineral admixtures as addition to or replacement of portland cement has been attracting a great amount of interest in recent years. Using suitable quantities of those minerals not only improves some properties of fresh and dry concrete, but also reduces portland cement demand and helps solve several environmental problems. Aluminium production in various parts of the world generates a considerable amount of waste which contains leachable cyanides and fluorides that cause a serious environmental problem. This paper presents a study of the effect of substituting a percentage of cement by a glass flit in mortar and in concrete. The term glass frit refers to spent pot liners resulting from the aluminium production process, that have undergone various treatments and have been ground to the fineness of a cement. The various results obtained in different tests conducted on mortar and concrete showed that glass frit has a remarkable reactivity potential and an interesting rheological behaviour. Replacing a percentage of cement by glass frit improves workability and strengths of mortar and concrete. For a given slump, concrete containing 25% of glass frit requires 50% less water reducer than that of control concrete. The compressive strengths developed in mortar or in concrete are very similar or even greater than those made with portand cement only or those incorporating blast furnace slag with equivalent cement replacement rate.
J. S. Melton
Recycled concrete aggregate (RCA), when used appropriately, is an excellent substitute for natural aggregates in highway construction. RCA has been used successfully in unbound applications such as base course and fill, and in bound applications as aggregate in new concrete. However, a significant amount of concrete debris is still disposed of in landfills. Barriers to concrete recycling include regulatory and policy issues, economic disincentives, environmental concerns and technical questions. This paper reviews current obstacles to concrete recycling and discusses recent developments and research that will help overcome these barriers.
C. Shi, Y. Wu, and C. Riefler
Crushed limestone dust is a waste material from the production of concrete aggregate by crushing quarried limestone rocks. The dust is usually less tan 1% of the aggregate production. Although it is coarser than common cementing materials such as as Portland cement, coal fly ash and ground blast furnace slag, it is fine enough to cause many problems during materials handling and disposal. Laboratory results have indicated that crushed limestone dust can be used to produce self-consolidating concrete (SCC) with properties similar to those of SCC containing coal fly ash. . Due to the differences in morphologies and particle size distribution, the mix design has to be modified when crushed stone dust instead of fly ash or ground blast furnace slag is used. Fresh SCC mixtures containing limestone dust loses its flowability and sets faster than the mixtures containing fly ash due to the acceleration of the hydration of Portland cement by the limestone powder. SCC containing limestone dust exhibited strengths similar to that containing fly ash during the first seven days, but the former exhibited lower strength than the latter at 28 and 90 days due to the contributions from the pozzolanic reactions between coal fly ash and lime released from the hydration of Portland cement. The former also have lower autogenous and drying shrinkages than the latter.
H. C. Scott IV and D. L. Gress
This study investigated the reactivity of concrete containing recycled concrete aggregates (RCA) that had shown distress due to alkali silica reaction (ASR). The investigation evaluated several mitigation techniques to control ASR in concrete containing potentially reactive RCA. Mitigation work was done with three different aggregate types; an igneous fine-grained quartzite aggregate locally called blue rock, a non-reactive limestone, and RCA containing blue rock aggregate. These aggregates were used to investigate various mitigation techniques to prevent ASR from occurring in concrete containing RCA. The mitigation strategies include the use of class F fly ash, ground granulated blast furnace slag (GGBFS), lithium nitrate, silica fume blended cement and low alkali cement. These materials were incorporated into concrete mixes by cement substitution and direct application. These mitigation strategies showed potential in controlling ASR distress in RCA concrete. Mortar bars and concrete prisms were used to investigate the mitigation strategies by following standard and modified versions of ASTM C 1260 and ASTM C 1293 specifications to evaluate expansion caused by ASR. The modified versions of ASTM C 1260 were found effective in evaluating potential ASR expansion using conventional aggregates.
T. R. Naik, R. N. Kraus, Y. Chun, and R. Siddique
Three series of flowable slurry mixtures were made, each series with three different sources of wood ash (W-1, W-2, and W-3). The series of mixtures were: low-strength (0.3 to 0.7 MPa), medium-strength (0.7 to 3.5 MPa), and high-strength (3.5 to 8 MPa) mixtures. Tests were performed for flow, air content, unit weight, bleeding, settlement, compressive strength, and water permeability. Wood ashes W-1 and W-3 caused expansive reactions in CLSM mixtures resulting in little or slight (average 1%) net shrinkage of CLSM. Wood ash W-2 caused either significant net swelling (15% for Mixture 2-L, and 21% for Mixture 2-M) or no shrinkage (Mixture 2-H) of CLSM. The 91-day compressive strength of low-strength, medium-strength, and high-strength slurry mixtures was in the ranges of 0.38 to 0.97 MPa, 1.59 to 5.28 MPa, and 4.00 to 8.62 MPa, respectively. Overall, the slurry mixtures showed an average increase in strength of 150% (range: 25% to 450%) between the ages of 28 days and 91 days. This was attributed to pozzolanic and cementitious reactions of wood ash. In general, water permeability of CLSM mixtures decreased with age.
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