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Home > Publications > International Concrete Abstracts Portal
The International Concrete Abstracts Portal is an ACI led collaboration with leading technical organizations from within the international concrete industry and offers the most comprehensive collection of published concrete abstracts.
Showing 1-5 of 16 Abstracts search results
July 1, 2001
J. Cao and C. Vipulanandan
Behavior of polyester polymer concrete (PC) with and without notch and graphite fiber was investigated using nondestructive and destructive testing techniques. The flexural strength of polyester PC was 14 MPa (2,000 psi). The effect of up to 6% chopped graphite fibers on the elastic modulus, shear modulus. Poisson’s ratio, flexural strength and fracture parameters were investigated. Nondestructive methods such as impact resonance and pulse velocity were used to determine the effect of notch depth on the mechanical and damping properties of PC. Fracture parameters, critical stress intensity factor Ktc and critical Jtc-integral were determined using single edge notched beam loaded in four-point bending by varying the initial notch-to-depth ratio from 0.2 to 0.7. By measuring the crack mouth openin g displacement (CMOD) during loading, the crack extension in the test specimen was determined. The critical stress intensity factor and critical J-integral for the polyester PC were 1.3 MN/m’ and 0.27 kN/m respectively. The addition of 6 mm long 6% chopped graphite fibers to the polyester polymer concrete improved the tlexural strength by 20% and Ktc and Jtc by over 25% and 125% respectively. Impact resonance test results were sensitive to the notch-to-depth ratio in the test specimen.
J. Yin, Z. Wu, and T. Asakura
Experiments of three kinds of FRP-strengthened concrete beams under three-point bending are reviewed first. Two different cracking behaviors, with and without distributed crack in concrete, were observed. To analyze the different cracking behaviors affected by the FRP strengthening through interfacial bond, the FRP strengthened concrete beam is subdivided into a plain concrete beam, under three-point bending, and a FRP sheets bonded concrete prism, subjected to shearing load, to address the fracture mechanism. Nonlinear fracture mechanics is used to model the cohesive crack along the FRP-concrete bond interface and concrete cracking. Finite element simulation is also performed to demonstrate the applicability of the fracture mechanism. Based on both experimental observations and finite element results, it can be concluded that the FRP strengthening effect occurs after the first flexural crack. The bond strength and interfacial fracture energy of bond interface determine the ability of stress transfer. The occurrence of the new flexural cracks after the first one is governed by the relation between the concrete tensile strength and the maximum concrete stress obtained by combining effects of shear stress transfer and bending moment including the stress release due to flexural cracks. Further strengthening effect is archived by the formation of new cracks.
L. R. Lenke and W. H. Gerstle
Many laboratory fracture toughness tests have been devised for quasi-brittle materials such as portland cement concrete (PCC). The objective of these tests has typically been to determine linear elastic fracture mechanics parameters such as fracture toughness, Kt,, and fracture energy, Gr. More recently, proposals have been developed to determine the parameters for a variety oftwo-parameter models. For example, the inelastic correction factor method requires parameters KI, and inelastic correction factor p, while the Jenq and Shah two-parameter model requires KI, and CTODc, and the Bazant size effect method requires Grand cr. All of these parameters can be obtained from the stress versus crack opening displacement (o-COD) relationship. The authors describe a test device that is reliable, simple to understand and analyze, relatively inexpensive. and can be used on standard 6-inch diameter by 12-inch concrete cylinders in a universal testing machine (UTM) under load control. This device, called the stiff tensile test (STT) apparatus, is used to obtain the complete versus COD relationship. From this o versus COD relationship, which is fundamental at the meso-scale, can be derived most of the commonly used fracture parameters of concrete.
Y.-S. Roh and Y. Xi
Fracture surface provides valuable information on internal structure and mechanical behavior of composite materials. Loading rate affects the roughness of the fracture surface of composites. A higher loading rate, in general, results in a smoother fracture surface. Similarly, aggregate size influences the roughness of the fracture surface. Larger aggregates cause a rougher fracture surface under the same loading rate. The roughness of the fracture surface of concrete is experimentally studied using concrete specimens made of the different aggregate sizes under different loading rates. Fractal dimension is used to evaluate the surface roughness of concrete specimens. A new fractal fracture model is developed which correlates the fractal dimension with concrete mix design parameters, such as volume fraction and size of aggregate, as well as loading rate. The model prediction agrees with test data very well.
N. Banthia and I. Genois
Crack propagation in cement-based matrices reinforced with micro-fibers of steel and carbon was studied using contoured double cantilever beam specimens. Influence of fibers, sand and silica fume was quantified using crack growth resistance curves. It was demonstrated that these fibers enhance the resistance to both nucleation and growth of cracks, and that such fundamental fracture tests are very useful in developing micro-fiber composites with a high performance. The influence of number of variables which would otherwise have remained obscured in normal tests for engineering properties become apparent in the fracture tests. The paper points out the desired durability characteristics of these composites and discusses their current and future applications.
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