In today’s market, it is imperative to be knowledgeable and have an edge over the competition. ACI members have it…they are engaged, informed, and stay up to date by taking advantage of benefits that ACI membership provides them.
Read more about membership
Become an ACI Member
Founded in 1904 and headquartered in Farmington Hills, Michigan, USA, the American Concrete Institute is a leading authority and resource worldwide for the development, dissemination, and adoption of its consensus-based standards, technical resources, educational programs, and proven expertise for individuals and organizations involved in concrete design, construction, and materials, who share a commitment to pursuing the best use of concrete.
ACI World Headquarters
38800 Country Club Dr.
Farmington Hills, MI
ACI Middle East Regional Office
Second Floor, Office #207
The Offices 2 Building, One Central
Dubai World Trade Center Complex
Phone: +971.4.516.3208 & 3209
ACI Resource Center
Feedback via Email
Home > Publications > International Concrete Abstracts Portal
The International Concrete Abstracts Portal is an ACI led collaboration with leading technical organizations from within the international concrete industry and offers the most comprehensive collection of published concrete abstracts.
Showing 1-5 of 12 Abstracts search results
January 1, 1992
Ninety-day load-relaxation tests at room temperature were conducted on a full range of sizes of heavy duty sleeve and lead caulking expansion anchors. The test results showed that the sleeve and lead caulking anchors on the average are able to retain only 60 and 40 percent of their initial tension load, respectively.
Reinforced concrete structures will generally be cracked under service load due to tensile stresses caused by loads or by the restraint of imposed deformations. Therefore, in general, the design of anchors should be based on the assumption that the concrete is cracked. Under tension loading, anchor behavior is significantly influenced by cracks, depending on the type and design of the anchor. If the failure is caused by concrete cone break-out, the failure load is reduced by approximately 30 to 40 percent compared to the value expected in uncracked concrete. If the failure is caused by pullout (expansion or adhesive anchors), the reduction of the failure load may be much higher. Furthermore, installation inaccuracies may have a very significant negative effect on anchor behavior in cracked concrete. Under shear loading, the behavior of all types of anchors away from edges is not significantly influenced by cracks. The failure load of fastenings close to the edge is reduced by cracks by about 30 percent; however, the reduction is almost independent of the type of anchor. A method for the design of fastenings based on rational engineering models and nonlinear fracture mechanics is proposed. It distinguishes between the different loading directions and failure modes and takes into account all relevant influencing factors.
Design information for concrete anchors is summarized in this paper. Based on recent research, the tension and shear capacities published in the past for concrete anchors are generally unconservative, especially data for proprietary concrete anchors. This paper recommends new design parameters for seven categories of concrete anchors. The parameters, presented in tabular form, are related to tension zone cracking and seismic loading, as well as spacing and edge distance.
Paper describes design examples prepared by Subcommittee 3 of ACI Committee 349 to demonstrate application of Appendix B of the code to the design of steel embedments. The committee report (Reference 1) is included in the 1990 Manual of Concrete Practice. The paper describes some of the design examples and explains key provisions of the code.
R. Cook and R. Klingner
A comprehensive research program has been conducted, dealing with ductile, multiple-anchor, steel-to-concrete connections. Based on the results of the program, behavioral models have been formulated for such connections, and design guidelines have been developed. In this paper, the program is summarized, and the principal results are reviewed.
Results Per Page