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Title: Influence of Recycled Concrete Powder on the Rheology of Printable Cement-Based Matrices

Author(s): Tiago Canavarro Cavalcante, Romildo Dias Toledo Filho, Oscar Aurelio Mendoza Reales

Publication: Materials Journal



Appears on pages(s):

Keywords: 3-D concrete printing; recycled concrete powder; rheology; thixotropy; yield stress

DOI: 10.14359/51740778

Date: 5/1/2024

High cement content is often found in concrete mix designs to achieve the unique fresh-state behavior requirements of 3D Printable Concrete (3DPC), i.e., to ensure rapid stiffening of an extruded layer without collapsing under the stress applied by the following layers. Some materials with high water absorption, such as recycled concrete aggregates, have been incorporated in concrete mix designs to minimize environmental impact, nevertheless, the fine powder fraction that remains from the recycled aggregate processing still poses a challenge. In the case of 3DCP, few studies are available regarding mix designs using Recycled Concrete Powder (RCP) for 3D printing. In this context, this study presents the use of RCP as a filler to produce a printable mixture with low cement content. An RCP with 50 μm average particle size was obtained as a by-product from Recycled Concrete Aggregate production. Portland cement pastes were produced with 0%, 10%, 20%, 30%, 40% and 50% of cement mass replacement by RCP to evaluate its effects on the hydration reaction, rheology, and compressive strength. It was found that the studied RCP replacement was not detrimental for the hydration reaction of Portland cement during the initial hours, and at the same time it was capable of modifying the rheological parameters of the paste proportionally to the packing density of its solid fraction. The obtained results indicated the viability of 3DCP with up to 50% cement replacement by RCP. It was concluded that RCP presents good potential for decreasing the cement consumption of 3DPC, which in turn could decrease its associated environmental impact while providing a destination for a by-product from recycled concrete aggregate production.