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Title: Steel Fiber Reinforced Self-Compacting Concrete: A Comprehensive Review

Author(s): Jawad Ahmad, Zhiguang Zhou & Ahmed Farouk Deifalla

Publication: IJCSM

Volume: 17


Appears on pages(s):

Keywords: Self-compacting concrete, Steel fiber reinforced concrete, Fresh concrete, Failure modes and durability

DOI: 10.1186/s40069-023-00602-7

Date: 11/30/2023

Self-compacting concrete (SCC), which flows under its own weight without being compacted or vibrating, requires no outside mechanical force to move. But like normal concrete, SCC has a brittle character (weak in tension) that causes sudden collapse with no advance notification. The tensile capacity of SCC has increased owing to the addition of steel fiber (SF). Various research concentrates on increasing the tensile strength (TS) of SCC by incorporating SF. To collect information on past research, present research developments, and future research directions on SF-reinforced SCC, however, a detailed review of the study is necessary. The main aspects of this review are the general introduction of SCC, fresh properties namely slump flow, slump T50, L box, and V funnel, and strength properties such as compressive, tensile, flexure, and elastic modulus. Furthermore, failure modes of steel fiber-reinforced SCC are also reviewed. Results suggest that the SF decreased the filling and passing ability. Furthermore, improvement in strength properties was also observed. However, some studies reported that SF had no effect or even decreased compressive capacity. Additionally, SF improved the tensile capacity of SCC and avoid undesirable brittle failure. Finally, the review recommends the substitution of secondary cementitious materials in SF-reinforced SCC to improve its compressive capacity.