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Title: Biaxial Interaction Diagrams of Elliptical Concrete Column Sections Reinforced with GFRP Bars

Author(s): Ahmad Ghadban and Hayder A. Rasheed

Publication: Symposium Paper

Volume: 360


Appears on pages(s): 563-581

Keywords: Biaxial interaction diagrams, Elliptical concrete columns, GFRP bars

DOI: 10.14359/51740649

Date: 3/1/2024

The release of ACI 440.11-22 building design code for concrete structures reinforced with GFRP bars comes with several challenges at various fronts. One such challenge is tackled in this paper which is the development of limit interaction diagrams for elliptical bridge columns reinforced with GFRP bars under biaxial bending plus axial compression/tension. This type of columns requires special considerations at all levels. This paper depicts the various formulations encountered herein in a detailed treatment highlighting the critical steps to build an efficient analysis algorithm. The formulation is implemented into a user-friendly software developed using object-oriented programming, namely the C# programming language. The robustness of the formulation is tested by comparing interaction diagrams of elliptical sections to those of corresponding rectangular sections. The significance of an ACI code comment requiring bar orientation being considered for circular sections with less than 8 bars is also examined in this paper. This paper also tests the ACI recommendation to neglect GFRP action in compression. Results indicate reasonable similarity among interaction diagrams of elliptical and rectangular sections leading to the conclusion that the formulation presented herein provides an accurate tool to analyze elliptical sections.