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Title: Structural and Deformational Behavior of Flexural Concrete Beams Reinforced with GFRP and BFRP Rebars

Author(s): Raphael Kampmann, Tim Rauert, Niklas Pelka, und Bastian Franzenburg

Publication: Symposium Paper

Volume: 360


Appears on pages(s): 349-368

Keywords: basalt; glass; frp; rebar; flexural beam; design concept; structural deformation; ultimate limit state; serviceability.

DOI: 10.14359/51740635

Date: 3/1/2024


Corrosion of reinforcement steel is a major issue for many structural concrete components, because it leads to strength reduction and may significantly reduce the service life. For this reason, fiber-reinforced polymer rebars (FRP rebars) have been developed, as they represent a viable alternative that may replace reinforcing steel for structures that are particularly susceptible to corrosion issues. However, structural design philosophies for these new materials are still in development and further research is needed to implement FRP rebars properly and safely in design codes but also to ensure that design calculations properly predict the actual behavior and performance of FRP reinforced structures.

This study was conducted to evaluate the strength and structural deformation behavior of flexural beams that were designed according to Eurocode 2 and, for comparison, according to different design methods pro-posed for FRP reinforced structures. With regard to the development of a uniform design concept for alternative reinforcement materials existing in Germany/Europe, different bending design concepts includ-ing the serviceability limit state were evaluated. In addition, the theoretically calculated and predicted strength/deformation were compared to the experimentally obtained measurements. A total of 15 flexu-ral beams, with ans overall length of 4.5 m (177 in.), a width of 200 mm (7.8 in.), and a height of 400 mm (15.8 in.), were cast; three of these beams (designed according to Eurocode 2) featured traditional steel rein-forcement, to serve as control group. The remaining 12 flexural beams were evenly allocated to capture the two alternative reinforcement materials, while generating three different reinforcement distribution patterns with comparable reinforcement ratios (equivalent cross-sectional areas). Thus, a total of six subgroups –three with GFRP and three with BFRP – each with two specimens, were analized. To test all beam in pure bending and to eliminate the influence from shear forces, two equally increasing loads were applied at the (longitudinal) third-points of the beams. Both deflections and loads were measured at several points to evaluate the structural performance of the FRP reinforced structural members.

The results showed that the deflection of the glass fiber reinforced bars at the design load capacity measured twice as much as the deflection of the control group. Almost three times as much deflection (at the same load) was observed for the concrete beams reinforced with basalt fiber rebars. In addition, it was observed that the concrete beams with glass and basalt fiber reinforcement bars showed a nearly elastic-elastic behavior up to the point of failure, whereas the steel-reinforced concrete beams showed an elastic-plastic behavior. However, the deformational behavior differed between the various beam types. While the prevailing equations properly captured the post-cracking performance of traditionally reinforced concrete beams, they do not adequately predict the deflections of FRP reinforced concrete beams. From the measurements and analyses, it was concluded that the serviceability limit state (SST) is more critical than the ultimate limit state (LTS) for the design of concrete flexural beams reinforced with FRP rebars.