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Title: A Novel VOC-Free Epoxy System for High Modulus Glass Fiber Reinforced Polymer Rebar

Author(s): Huifeng Qian, Wendell Harriman II., P.E.

Publication: Symposium Paper

Volume: 360


Appears on pages(s): 290-298

Keywords: epoxy; thermosetting resin; FRP rebar; durability; VOC-free; high modulus; non-metallic; concrete

DOI: 10.14359/51740631

Date: 3/1/2024

Fiber reinforced polymer (FRP) composite rebar is a non-metallic concrete reinforcement alternative that has been successfully deployed in hundreds of structural applications globally. The increasing demand for FRP rebar as a metal alternative is driven by its unique value proposition, including lightweight, high strength, magnetic transparency, and most significantly, corrosion resistance. FRP rebar is fabricated through pultrusion, a high throughput composite fabrication process in which, resin-impregnated fiber undergoes rapid cure when pulled through a heated furnace. Considering the open nature of the open pultrusion process, expansion of production capacity for FRP rebar manufacturing demands the use of advanced resins that are free from Volatile Organic Compounds (VOCs), enable high throughput production, and deliver an outstanding translation of fiber properties following cure. In this work, we will present an epoxy system that is inherently VOC Free and is tailored to enable high throughput manufacturing of glass fiber reinforced polymer (GFRP) rebar at scale. Furthermore, the rapid formation of highly crosslinked structures achieved with this resin system during pultrusion is found to enable outstanding fiber property translation resulting in high modulus (>70 GPa) and corrosion resistance (>80 % tensile strength retention without load) that exceeds existing standards such as ASTM D7957.