• The International Concrete Abstracts Portal is an ACI led collaboration with leading technical organizations from within the international concrete industry and offers the most comprehensive collection of published concrete abstracts.

International Concrete Abstracts Portal


Title: Performance of Quality-Controlled Recycled Concrete Aggregates

Author(s): Amit Kumar, Gyani Jail Singh, Priyanshu Raj, and Rajesh Kumar

Publication: Materials Journal

Volume: 121

Issue: 1

Appears on pages(s): 17-30

Keywords: durability; mechanical properties; mechanical treatment; performance; physical properties; quality control; recycled concrete aggregate (RA)

DOI: 10.14359/51740259

Date: 1/1/2024

This research examines the performance of quality-controlled recycled concrete aggregates (QRAs) with fly-ash-based cement. Compared to concrete made from untreated recycled concrete aggregates (URC), quality-controlled recycled aggregate concrete (QRC) has superior physical, mechanical, and durability properties. Except for sorptivity, the physical, mechanical, and durability properties of QRC are almost identical to those of natural aggregate concrete (NC). The compressive strength, splitting tensile strength, flexural strength, fracture energy, and modulus of elasticity of QRC are higher than those of URC by 18.0%, 16.8%, 60.0%, 27.17%, and 43.46%, respectively. The abrasion resistance of QRC is approximately 60% higher than URC. Scanning electron microscope (SEM) image and energy-dispersive X-ray (EDX) analysis prove that quality control produces denser old interfacial transition zones (OITZ) with fewer microvoids. The QRA improves not only the pore structure but also the weak mortar structure attached to the aggregate. There is also a strong correlation between the compressive strength and splitting tensile strength, flexural strength, fracture energy, and modulus of elasticity of QRC. QRA can be used to compute the mixture proportions for concrete (certainly up to medium-strength concrete) according to either the Indian standard or the international standard. It is challenging to improve the sorptivity of recycled concrete aggregates closer to NC. In addition, QRC has an initial sorptivity of two times (initial) and a final sorptivity of 1.8 times higher than NC, whereas URC has an initial sorptivity of 3.5 times (initial) and a final sorptivity of 2.35 times higher than NC.