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Title: Design and Testing of Lightweight Self-Consolidating Concrete Bridge-Deck Slabs Reinforced with Glass Fiber- Reinforced Polymer Bars

Author(s): M. Aflakisamani, S. Mousa, H. M. Mohamed, E. A. Ahmed, and B. Benmokrane

Publication: Structural Journal

Volume: 120

Issue: 4

Appears on pages(s): 29-41

Keywords: bridge-deck slab; cracking patterns and strains; design codes; glass fiber-reinforced polymer (GFRP) reinforcing bars; lightweight self-consolidating concrete (LWSCC); load-deflection; punching shear; ultimate capacity; wheel load

DOI: 10.14359/51738717

Date: 7/1/2023

Advances in new lightweight self-consolidating concrete (LWSCC) mixture designs have led to the construction of new concrete structures with much lower weight and higher strengths. The integration of glass fiber-reinforced polymer (GFRP) bars with LWSCC can be used effectively in Accelerated Bridge Construction (ABC) with longer spans and less shippingcost to build durable bridges with smaller cross sections andextended service lives. This study aimed at evaluating the effectiveness of this type of concrete for building concrete bridgedeck slabs with GFRP reinforcement. Five full-scale edgerestrained concrete bridge-deck slabs were fabricated, simulating a slab-on-girder bridge deck commonly used in North America. The bridge-deck slabs were 3000 mm (118.1 in.) in length, 2500 mm (98.4 in.) in width, and 200 mm (7.9 in.) in thickness. The test parameters included reinforcement type (sand-coated or helically wrapped GFRP and steel) and reinforcement ratio (ranging from 0.44 to 1.15%). The bridge-deck slabs were designed according to the Canadian Highway Bridge Design Code. The specimens were exposed to a concentrated load over a contact area of 250 x 600 mm (9.8 x 23.6 in.), which simulates the footprint of a sustainedtruck wheel load (87.5 kN CL-625 truck), as specified in Canadian standards. The test results indicate that the failure mode of all deck slabs was punching shear. The recorded ultimate load capacities for all specimens exceeded the design factored load, which validates the use of GFRP-reinforced LWSCC for the construction of bridge-deck slabs. It was also concluded that the surface conditions of the GFRP bars (sand coated or helically wrapped) had a minor effect on the cracking, deflection, and behavior of the testedLWSCC deck slabs. In addition, increasing the axial-reinforcement stiffness in the GFRP-reinforced slabs significantly increased the ultimate capacity and reduced maximum crack width, reinforcement strains, and midspan deflection at ultimate load.