Expanding the Use of Material φ Factors
Charles W. Dolan and Raul D. Bertero
Appears on pages(s):
strength, concrete, reinforcement, design
The concept of “partial strength reduction factors” has long been used in Canadian, British, and European building codes. Expanding the use of material ϕ factors (one for concrete and one for steel reinforcement) to all sections and members would provide a uniform approach to factored strength calculations and resolve several abnormalities in the current ACI 318 Code.