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Title: Mechanical Properties of Lightweight Aggregate Concrete Reinforced with Various Steel Fibers

Author(s): Keun-Hyeok Yang, Hak-Young Kim & Hye-Jin Lee

Publication: IJCSM

Volume: 16


Appears on pages(s):

Keywords: fiber-reinforced lightweight aggregate concrete, steel fiber, bond stress, mechanical properties, regression analysis

DOI: 10.1186/s40069-022-00538-4

Date: 11/30/2022

The objective of the present study is to examine the effects of different types and content of steel fibers on the workability, mechanical properties, and ductility enhancement of lightweight aggregate concrete (LWAC). Thirteen LWAC mixtures were prepared using different types of steel fibers including conventional hooked-end macro steel fibers (SF(H)), straight (CSF(S)), crimp-shaped (CSF(C)), and hooked-end (CSF(H)) copper-coated micro steel fibers at the designed compressive strength of 40 MPa. The fiber volume fraction varied from 0% to 1.5% at an interval of 0.5%. Test results showed that CSF(H) type possesses a better potential than the other types in enhancing the tensile resistance and toughness at the post-peak branch of the load–deflection curve of beams. The bond characteristics of fibers with cement matrix were one of critical parameters that needs to be considered in designing the fiber reinforced concrete. Thus, the splitting strength, modulus of rupture, and modulus of elasticity of fiber reinforced LWAC were formulated as a function of volume fraction, aspect ratio, and bond strength of fibers from the regression analysis using the present test data.