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Title: Quantifying the Conservativeness of Water-Soluble Chloride Testing

Author(s): Ahmed A. Ahmeda, David Trejo

Publication: Materials Journal



Appears on pages(s):

Keywords: admixed chlorides; bound chlorides; carbonation; chloride release; chloride testing; specialty cements

DOI: 10.14359/51738499

Date: 1/1/2023

Proponents of water-soluble chloride testing argue that only chlorides in the pore solution contribute to corrosion and that this testing is more representative of free chlorides and therefore should be required. Proponents of the acid-soluble chloride testing argue that although water-soluble testing may be more representative of the free chlorides in the pore solution at early ages, bound chlorides can become unbound with time, making the water-soluble test unconservative for predicting later-age free chlorides. However, water-soluble testing likely unbinds some admixed chlorides during testing. If the amount of chlorides released as part of the water-soluble test exceeds the amount of chlorides released at later ages (i.e., from carbonation), the water-soluble test should be considered to be sufficiently conservative. This research quantifies the release of admixed chlorides as a result of testing and carbonation. Results indicate that water-soluble testing is sufficiently conservative in most cases for assessing admixed chloride contents in various cementitious systems.


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