Title: Ultimate and Fatigue Responses of GFRP-Reinforced, UHPC-Filled, Bridge Deck Joints
Author(s): Imad Eldin Khalafalla and Khaled Sennah
Publication: Symposium Paper
Appears on pages(s): 347-374
Keywords: bridge deck slabs, closure strips, fatigue model, fatigue testing, GFRP-bars, punching shear, steel T-girders, ultra-high-performance concrete, ultimate testing
This paper investigates the use of glass fiber reinforced polymer (GFRP) bars to reinforce the jointed precast bridge deck slabs built integrally with steel I-girders. In addition to a cast-in-place slab, three full-size, GFRPreinforced, precast concrete slabs were erected to perform static and fatigue tests under a truck wheel load. Each slab had 200 mm (7.9 in) thickness, 2500 mm (98.4 in) width normal to traffic, and 3500 mm (137.8 in) length in the direction of traffic and was supported over a braced twin-steel girder system. The closure strip between connected precast slabs has a width of 125 mm (4.9 in) with a vertical shear key, filled with ultra-high-performance concrete (UHPC). Sand-coated GFRP bars in the precast slab project into the closure strip with a headed end to provide a 100 mm (3.9 in) embedment length. A static test and two fatigue tests were performed, namely: (i) accelerated variable amplitude cyclic loading and (ii) constant amplitude cyclic loading, followed by static loading to collapse. Test results demonstrated excellent fatigue performance of the developed closure strip details, with the ultimate load-carrying capacity of the slab far greater than the demand. While the failure in the cast-in-place slab was purely punching shear, the failure mode in the jointed precast slabs was punching shear failure with incomplete cone-shape peroration through the UHPC closure strip, combined with a major transverse flexural crack in the UHPC strip. This may be attributed to the fact that the UHPC joint diverted the load distribution pattern towards a flexural mode in the UHPC strip itself close to failure.