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Title: Compressive Strength Recommendations for Protecting Concrete from Multiple Freezing-and-Thawing Cycles

Author(s): Ronald L. Kozikowski, James Klinger, and Bruce A. Suprenant

Publication: Concrete International

Volume: 43

Issue: 10

Appears on pages(s): 51-55

Keywords: test, air, expansion, durability

Date: 10/1/2021

Several ACI documents include compressive strength requirements or recommendations for protection of concrete from multiple cycles of freezing and thawing. The article compares these requirements/recommendations with available data from freezing-and-thawing tests of normalweight and lightweight concrete specimens. Based on a review of the existing data, the authors propose changes to the current ACI compressive strength requirements/recommendations for concrete exposed to freezing and thawing.


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