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Title: Ductile Concrete End-Diaphragms of Slab-on-Girder Concrete Bridges

Author(s): Esteban Villalobos-Vega and Guillermo Santana

Publication: Structural Journal

Volume: 119

Issue: 1

Appears on pages(s): 119-130

Keywords: accelerated bridge construction (ABC) solutions; bridge; ductility; end-diaphragm beam; experimental test; hybrid system; precast concrete; seismic resistance

Date: 1/1/2022

In this paper, the results of the proposed ductile precast concrete end-diaphragm beams for the transverse seismic resistance and protection of the substructure of slab-on-girder concrete bridges, tested at the facilities of LanammeUCR structural laboratory, University of Costa Rica, are detailed and discussed. The proposal can be used as part of an accelerated bridge construction (ABC) solution for moderate- to high-risk seismic areas. The hysteretic results showed adequate energy dissipation performance of the transverse end-diaphragm beams system; however, the envelopes obtained in both load directions evidenced a marked difference: the negative envelope showed a more noticeable ductile behavior and close enough to the predicted theoretical monotonic curve than the positive envelope. The damage observed at the precast concrete diaphragm beams was negligible, and the concrete deterioration was concentrated in the corners of the connections with the bridge girders, where the grout mortar at the joint gap evidenced a poor performance. Even if the bridge girders showed cracking both due to shear and flexure, the residual crack width was low: on average 0.10 mm. The final conclusion is that even if the test showed some issues that have to be revised, the system has the potential to demonstrate an outstanding performance under lateral seismic load.


Electronic Structural Journal


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