Title: Numerical modeling of FRCM composites for the seismic retrofitting of existing concrete structures
Author(s): Marco Carlo Rampini, Giulio Zani, Matteo Colombo and Marco di Prisco
Publication: Symposium Paper
Appears on pages(s): 69-85
Keywords: FRCM, retrofitting of concrete structures, tensile behavior, numerical modeling, DEWS test.
Fabric-reinforced cementitious matrix (FRCM) composites are promising structural materials representing
the extension of textile reinforced concrete (TRC) technology to repairing applications. Recent experiences have
proven the ability of FRCMs to increase the mechanical performances of existing elements, ensuring economic and
environmental sustainability. Since FRCM composites are generally employed in the form of thin externally bonded
layers, one of the main advantages is the ability to improve the overall energy absorption capacity, weakly impacting
the structural dead weights and the structural stiffness and, as a direct consequence, the inertial force distributions
activated by seismic events. In the framework of new regulatory initiatives, the paper aims at proposing simplified
numerical approaches for the structural design of retrofitting interventions on existing reinforced concrete structures.
To this purpose, the research is addressed at two main levels: i) the material level is investigated on the uniaxial tensile
response of FRCM composites, modeled by means of well-established numerical approaches; and ii) the macro-scale
level is evaluated and modeled on a double edge wedge splitting (DEWS) specimen, consisting of an under-reinforced
concrete substrate retrofitted with two outer FRCM composites. This novel experimental technique, originally
introduced to investigate the fracture behavior of fiber-reinforced concrete, allows transferring substrate tensile
stresses to the retrofitting layers by means of the sole chemo-mechanical adhesion, allowing to investigate the FRCM
delamination and cracking phenomena occurring in the notched ligament zone. It is believed that the analysis of the
experimental results, assisted by simplified and advanced non-linear numerical approaches, may represent an effective
starting point for the derivation of robust design-oriented models.