Title: Compressive Stress-Strain Model for Laterally Confined Concrete Columns with Steel Fibrous Composites
Author(s): Sary A. Malak, Neven Krstulovic-Opara, and Rawan Sarieldine
Publication: Materials Journal
Appears on pages(s): 15-28
Keywords: activation; continuous composites; first crack stress and strain; multiple cracking; optimization
This paper presents the derivation as well as empirical verification of a compressive stress-strain model of concrete confined with fiber-reinforced concrete (FRC) jackets made using steel fibers. Both conventional (that is, strain-softening) FRC and high-performance (that is, strain-hardening) FRC (HPFRC) were considered. The model accounts for the tensile response of the jacket as a function of the fiber properties, fiber volume fraction, orientation, and the effects of fiber debonding, fiber pullout, and multiple cracking. Specific FRC and HPFRC materials used in this study include fiber-reinforced mortar (FRM), FRC, and slurry-infiltrated fiber-reinforced concrete (SIFCON), all made using steel fibers. Experimental behavior of model columns jacketed with FRC and HPFRC was compared to that of columns confined with conventional fiber-reinforced polymer (FRP) jackets. HPFRC jackets made with continuous aligned fibers exhibited fiber debonding and multiple cracking leading to the post-peak softening response. Varying the orientation of fibers in FRC and FRM jackets produces radial tensile stresses on the concrete core, thus reducing the strength of confined concrete. Concrete confined with FRC jackets exhibited post-peak softening response with lower ductilities than concrete confined with HPFRC jackets due to the random orientation and lower volume fraction of fibers within FRC jackets. HPFRC jackets with steel fibers are expected to sustain large rupture strains in the longitudinal and transverse directions, which translates into an improved ductility and energy absorption, making it a suitable retrofit option for existing columns.