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Title: Nano-Modified Concrete as Repair Material in Cold Weather

Author(s): A. M. Yasien, M. T. Bassuoni, A. Abayou, and A. Ghazy

Publication: Materials Journal

Volume: 118

Issue: 2

Appears on pages(s): 149-160

Keywords: antifreeze admixture; cold weather; fly ash; nanosilica; repair

DOI: 10.14359/51729331

Date: 3/1/2021

With aging, concrete structures exhibit deterioration due to multiple reasons. Consequently, repair processes become overwhelmingly essential to extend the service life of structures. This experimental study investigated nano-modified concrete cast and cured under cyclic freezing/low temperatures, including its applicability to partial-depth repair. Seven mixtures, incorporating general-use cement, fly ash (0 to 25%), and nanosilica (0 to 4%) with a cold weather admixture system (antifreeze/accelerator) were tested. The mixtures were evaluated based on fresh, hardened, and durability properties as well as their compatibility with parent/substrate concrete. In addition, mercury intrusion porosimetry and thermogravimetric analysis were conducted to assess the evolution of microstructure under cold temperatures. The incorporation of 4% nanosilica in the cementitious binder, even with the presence of 15% fly ash, markedly enhanced the performance of concrete cast and cured under low temperatures without protection; thus, it may present a viable option for cold weather applications including repair.