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Title: Seismic Performance of Fibre Reinforced Concrete in the Absence of Bars

Author(s): Bernard, E. S.

Publication: Symposium Paper

Volume: 343


Appears on pages(s): 236-245

Keywords: Reverse-cycle loading, Fibre reinforced concrete, post-crack performance, seismic loading, robustness, conventional reinforcement 236 fib Bulletin 95: Seismic and Special Loading Conditions https


Date: 10/1/2020

Numerous investigations of the effect of fibre addition on the seismic performance of conventionally reinforced concrete members have been published. These generally show that fibres can improve robustness and survivability during reverse-cycle loading, but the dosage rate of fibre required to achieve significant improvements in performance is substantial. Recently, pure FRC members have increasingly been used in structures such as tunnel linings, including both fibre reinforced shotcrete and pre-cast FRC segments. Concerns have been raised about the absence of data on the seismic resistance of such members given that all previous research on seismic performance has essentially involved hybrid members incorporating both steel reinforcing bars and fibres. The present investigation has focused on the reverse-cycle flexural performance of FRC members in the absence of conventional steel reinforcing bars. Laboratory testing was performed on plain, bar-reinforced, and steel fibre reinforced concrete members, and their performance was compared. The tests indicate that steel fibres provide a small improvement in flexural capacity under reverse-cycle loading compared to plain concrete, but that the robustness of pure FRC members is relatively poor compared to steel bar-reinforced members incorporating steel stirrups. The data suggest that, when used at practical dosage rates, large hooked-end steel fibres cannot be relied upon to provide seismic performance in flexure comparable to steel bar reinforced concrete members.