Title: Modeling Convection Boundary Conditions for Ultra-High- Performance Concrete in Cylindrical Columns
Author(s): Ashley S. Carey, Isaac L. Howard, Alta Knizley, and Jay Shannon
Publication: Materials Journal
Appears on pages(s): 123-131
Keywords: boundary condition; numerical modeling; temperature prediction; ultra-high-performance concrete
In this paper, a numerical model for radial-direction conduction through ultra-high-performance concrete (UHPC) cylinders was developed and experimentally validated. The focus of this research is ultimately to improve understanding of UHPC’s thermal behavior, with this portion focused on determining a convection heat-transfer coefficient for appropriate boundary condition modeling. Although constant heat-transfer coefficients are commonly assumed in literature, this paper shows that many commonly assumed constant coefficients overestimate convection performance for natural convection boundary condition environments. For well-studied geometries, numerical solutions including a temperature and time-dependent convection coefficient produced errors under 1%, whereas constant heat-transfer coefficient assumptions produced errors up to 10%. However, for less-common geometries, numerical model errors ranged from 2 to 5%.