Flexural Strengthening of RC Columns with Low Longitudinal Steel Ratio using GFRP Bars

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Title: Flexural Strengthening of RC Columns with Low Longitudinal Steel Ratio using GFRP Bars

Author(s): Mehdi Esfandi Sarafraz

Publication: IJCSM

Volume: 13

Issue:

Appears on pages(s):

Keywords: RC columns, GFRP rebar, flexural capacity, NSM, seismic strengthening

Date: 9/30/2019

Abstract:
This research describes the results of an experimental work that aimed to investigate the flexural capacity of RC columns with low longitudinal reinforcement ratio that was strengthened with near surface mounted GFRP bars. The experimental program consisted of four square reinforced concrete columns, including one control specimen that were designed with a longitudinal reinforcement ratio below the minimum required ratio of 1% specified by RC design codes. Three of the four specimens were strengthened with different ratios NSM GFRP bar. The specimens were tested under a combined axial compressive load and lateral cyclic displacement to evaluate this retrofit method for the flexural improvement of RC columns. The efficacy of the proposed strengthening method on the flexural capacity, failure modes, hysteretic curves, energy dissipation capacity, and stiffness are discussed on the basis of the test results. The experimental results demonstrated that the contribution of GFRP bars to the flexural capacity of RC columns was significant. Also, an analytical procedure for calculating the bending moment capacity of RC columns strengthened with GFRP bars subjected to axial and lateral is proposed. The model accuracy is demonstrated by comparing the model predictions with the experimental results. The flexural capacity calculated by this method were in good agreement with the experimental results.


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