Concrete Beams with Fully Corroded Steel Repaired with CFRP Laminates

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Title: Concrete Beams with Fully Corroded Steel Repaired with CFRP Laminates

Author(s): Needa Lingga, Yasir Saeed, Anas Yosefani, and Franz Rad

Publication: Special Publication

Volume: 333

Issue:

Appears on pages(s): 136-158

Keywords: beam; carbon fiber reinforced polymer; CFRP; concrete; corrosion; flexure; retrofitting

Date: 10/1/2019

Abstract:
This research focused on concrete beams with voids simulating beams with fully corroded steel that were repaired with CFRP laminates. The experimental program included testing five, approximately one-third-scaled simply supported rectangular concrete beams. In three beams, the oiled steel rebars for flexure and shear were safely pulled out of the formwork after the concrete had cured for six hours, leaving voids. This technique was used to represent an extreme case of corrosion, albeit non-realistic, that is even worse than being exposed to the most corrosive environment. The aim was to investigate the extent of improvement by CFRP to flexural and shear capacity of beams that contain fully corroded steel bars, simulated by voids. The first specimen was with voids representing completely deteriorated steel. The second was a plain concrete beam without voids. The third beam was a typical code-designed reinforced concrete (RC) beam, that represented the “original undeteriorated” beam. The two remaining deteriorated beams were repaired by externally bonding one and two layers of CFRP. Load carrying capacity, deflection, and ductility were measured and compared. The novel results of this investigation were that test results showed that one layer of CFRP increased the load capacity to slightly higher than the RC beam, and two layers of CFRP increased it by a factor of two. Finally, a computer model was created to estimate the performance of the tested beams and to carry out a parametric study to investigate the effects of CFRP longitudinal reinforcement ratio and CFRP transverse confinement ratio on the flexural performance of CFRP-repaired concrete beams. The predicted contribution of CFRP to flexure and shear capacities was in good agreement with test results.