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Home > Publications > International Concrete Abstracts Portal
The International Concrete Abstracts Portal is an ACI led collaboration with leading technical organizations from within the international concrete industry and offers the most comprehensive collection of published concrete abstracts.
Title: Strength Recovery Through Nanosilica Coated Polypropylene Fiber Reinforcement
Author(s): Su-Jin Lee, Shiho Kawashima, and Jong-Pil Won
Publication: Special Publication
Appears on pages(s): 63-82
Keywords: fiber reinforced; nano silica; polypropylene fiber; self-healing; sol-gel; strength
Abstract:In this study, nanosilica was applied to the surface of polypropylene (PP) fibers to introduce self-healing abilities when incorporated into cement-composites. When the fiber is at the site of a crack, the nanosilica can form additional hydration products through pozzolanic reaction to effectively seal the crack. Nanosilica was synthesized onto the fibers through a sol-gel process. Then the fibers were dried at room temperature or 50°C (122°F) to remove the excess solution and adhere the nanosilica particles onto the fiber surface. The existence of nanosilica was confirmed by observing the mass change before and after the sol-gel process, water absorption, soluble matter loss and microscopy. The self-healing performance of cement-composites reinforced with treated and untreated macro and micro PP fibers at dosages of 1.8kg/m3 (3.0lb/yd3) and 0.9kg/m3 (1.5lb/yd3), respectively, were evaluated through flexural strength testing according to ASTM C348. To evaluate strength recovery, samples were loaded to 60% of the peak load to induce cracking. The cracked specimens were cured for 28 days under laboratory conditions to undergo self-healing. A significant recovery in flexural strength (112.8%) was observed by using nanosilica treated micro PP fibers dried at room temperature.
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