Title: Bond Strength of Reinforcing Bars with Varying Encapsulation Qualities
Author(s): Pasquale Basso Trujillo, Marc Jolin, Bruno Massicotte, and Benoît Bissonnette
Publication: Structural Journal
Appears on pages(s): 1707-1717
Keywords: artificial voids; beam end; bond strength; encapsulation; hypothesis testing; shotcrete; sprayed concrete; voids
The encapsulation quality of reinforcing bars represents a common concern among structural engineers when shotcrete structures are designed. Because little scientific information is available regarding the potential bond strength reduction of bars with adjacent defects along their length, ASTM A944-10 “beam-end” specimens with different encasement qualities were tested. To limit the size variability of voids when spraying, voids were created using silicone inserts, which also made it possible to control their exact size and position. Artificial voids were encased with a placed shotcrete mixture and transversal lengths of up to 30% of the bars’ perimeter were investigated. A low water-binder ratio (w/b) was employed to guarantee an insignificant bleeding capacity of the mixture as is commonly observed in shotcrete. The results support previous investigations by showing that transversal void lengths beyond 20% induce a considerable change in the slope of the stress-slip curve and an important reduction of the ultimate bond stress.