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Founded in 1904 and headquartered in Farmington Hills, Michigan, USA, the American Concrete Institute is a leading authority and resource worldwide for the development, dissemination, and adoption of its consensus-based standards, technical resources, educational programs, and proven expertise for individuals and organizations involved in concrete design, construction, and materials, who share a commitment to pursuing the best use of concrete.
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Home > Publications > International Concrete Abstracts Portal
The International Concrete Abstracts Portal is an ACI led collaboration with leading technical organizations from within the international concrete industry and offers the most comprehensive collection of published concrete abstracts.
Title: Composite Fibers in Concretes with Various Strengths
Author(s): A. Macanovskis, A. Lukasenoks, A. Krasnikovs, R. Stonys, and V. Lusis
Publication: Materials Journal
Appears on pages(s): 647-652
Keywords: composite fibers; fiber pullout; fiber-reinforced concrete; highstrength concrete
Abstract:Concrete beams reinforced by short composite macrofibers uniformly distributed in their volume were tested mechanically in bending. The short composite macrofibers were a few centimeters long and less than 2.5 mm (0.01 in.) in diameter. Macrofibers were manufactured impregnating glass or carbon-fiber tows by epoxy resin, forming unidirectionally oriented composite material rods later cut in short pieces. Such fibers were designated in the framework of the paper as macrofibers. The length-to-diameter ratios L/d of the glass and carbon macrofibers were equal to 22.9 and 28.2, respectively. The beams were loaded until the opening of the macrocrack reached 5 mm (0.02 in.). The macrofibers bridging the crack were pulled out during opening of the crack. Low-, medium-, and high-strength concretes in the range of 40 to 120 MPa (5800 to 17,405 psi) were used in the experiments. Pullout tests with single fibers were carried out. The volume fraction of the fibers in concrete was 1.5%. Two types of fiber-reinforced concrete beams with glass and carbon fibers were manufactured and tested, and the data obtained were compared with experimental results for steel fiber-reinforced concrete beams. The potential of the composite fibers was analyzed.
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