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Founded in 1904 and headquartered in Farmington Hills, Michigan, USA, the American Concrete Institute is a leading authority and resource worldwide for the development, dissemination, and adoption of its consensus-based standards, technical resources, educational programs, and proven expertise for individuals and organizations involved in concrete design, construction, and materials, who share a commitment to pursuing the best use of concrete.
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Home > Publications > International Concrete Abstracts Portal
The International Concrete Abstracts Portal is an ACI led collaboration with leading technical organizations from within the international concrete industry and offers the most comprehensive collection of published concrete abstracts.
Title: Testing and Analysis of Two Deep Beams Designed Using Strut-and-Tie Method
Author(s): G. A. Martinez, K. S. Beiter, A. R. Ghiami Azad, G. E. Polo, R. L. Shinn, T. D. Hrynyk, and O. Bayrak
Publication: Structural Journal
Appears on pages(s): 1531-1542
Keywords: deep beam; finite element analysis of reinforced concrete; strut-and-tie
Abstract:The seventh edition of the AASHTO LRFD Bridge Design Specifications (2016 interim) includes revised provisions for the design of deep beams using the strut-and-tie method. The validity and accuracy of these provisions as applied to simply supported deep beams loaded in a manner that generates an inflection point between the supports was investigated in this research. As part of a course-related laboratory investigation, graduate students at the University of Texas at Austin used these provisions to design two reduced-scale deep beams. The specimens were subsequently constructed and tested. The experimental behaviors of the specimens including governing failure modes, load-displacement curves, and their ultimate capacities were investigated and compared with estimates developed from the strutand-tie method. The results obtained validated the suitability of the revised provisions for the design of deep beams with inflection points located between supports. Additionally, the students developed pre-test estimates for the behaviors and strengths of the two deep beam specimens using the finite element software program VecTor2. While there was some variation among the computed responses, the blind predictions accurately captured governing failure modes and provided reasonable capacity estimates.
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