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Founded in 1904 and headquartered in Farmington Hills, Michigan, USA, the American Concrete Institute is a leading authority and resource worldwide for the development, dissemination, and adoption of its consensus-based standards, technical resources, educational programs, and proven expertise for individuals and organizations involved in concrete design, construction, and materials, who share a commitment to pursuing the best use of concrete.
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Home > Publications > International Concrete Abstracts Portal
The International Concrete Abstracts Portal is an ACI led collaboration with leading technical organizations from within the international concrete industry and offers the most comprehensive collection of published concrete abstracts.
Title: How Safe Are Our Large, Lightly Reinforced Concrete Beams, Slabs, and Footings?
Author(s): Michael P. Collins and Daniel Kuchma
Publication: Structural Journal
Appears on pages(s): 482-490
Keywords: beams (supports); footings; one-way slabs; shear properties
Abstract:The current ACI shear design procedures can be very unconservative if applied to large, lightly reinforced members because these procedures do not recognize that as the size of such members increases, the shear stress required to cause failure decreases. This paper describes an extensive experimental investigation aimed at evaluating the significant parameters that influence the magnitude of this size effect in shear. It was found that the reduction in shear stress at failure was related more directly to the maximum spacing between the layers of longitudinal reinforcement rather than the overall member depth. High-strength concrete members displayed a more significant size effect in shear than normal strength concrete members. Some simple modifications to the ACI shear design procedures are suggested that will result in a more consistent level of safety across the possible range of concrete strengths and member sizes.
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