In today’s market, it is imperative to be knowledgeable and have an edge over the competition. ACI members have it…they are engaged, informed, and stay up to date by taking advantage of benefits that ACI membership provides them.
Read more about membership
Become an ACI Member
Founded in 1904 and headquartered in Farmington Hills, Michigan, USA, the American Concrete Institute is a leading authority and resource worldwide for the development, dissemination, and adoption of its consensus-based standards, technical resources, educational programs, and proven expertise for individuals and organizations involved in concrete design, construction, and materials, who share a commitment to pursuing the best use of concrete.
ACI World Headquarters
38800 Country Club Dr.
Farmington Hills, MI
ACI Middle East Regional Office
Second Floor, Office # 02.01/07
The Offices 02 Building, One Central
Dubai World Trade Center Complex
Phone: +971.4.516.3208 & 3209
Feedback via Email
Home > Publications > International Concrete Abstracts Portal
The International Concrete Abstracts Portal is an ACI led collaboration with leading technical organizations from within the international concrete industry and offers the most comprehensive collection of published concrete abstracts.
Title: Hydration and Strength Evolution of Ternary-Blend High- Volume Fly Ash Concretes
Author(s): C. Gunasekera, Z. Zhou, M. Sofi, D. W. Law, S. Setunge, and P. Mendis
Publication: Materials Journal
Appears on pages(s): 251-261
Keywords: compressive strength; high-volume fly ash concrete; hydration; portland cement; pozzolanic index; sustainability
Abstract:The increase of carbon emissions due to the annual growth of portland cement (PC) production has promoted research into the development of sustainable green concrete using a range of readily available industrial waste materials. The present study is focused on developing two high-volume fly ash (HVFA) concretes with cement replacement levels of 65% (HVFA-65) and 80% (HVFA-80). The required lime for both HVFA concrete mixtures was initially determined and the optimized mixture designs identified, based on the 28-day compressive strength, by varying the low-calcium Class F fly ash-hydrated lime composition. The optimized concrete mixtures achieved a compressive strength of 53 and 40 MPa (7.69 and 5.80 ksi) for HVFA-65 and HVFA-80 concretes, respectively. The early-stage strength development is dependent on the matrix produced in the specific HVFA concrete, which is itself dependent on the number of unreacted fly ash spheres. The increase of fly ash and hydrated lime dosage in HVFA concrete increases the rate of hydration of the C3A and C4AF phases, but decreases the hydration of the C3S phase, which resulted in lower early-age strength development than occurs in PC concrete. It was noted that the initial setting time of HVFA concretes increase with an increase of fly ash content. However, addition of hydrated lime accelerates the hydration and decreases the final setting time for HVFA concretes.
Click here to become an online Journal subscriber