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Founded in 1904 and headquartered in Farmington Hills, Michigan, USA, the American Concrete Institute is a leading authority and resource worldwide for the development, dissemination, and adoption of its consensus-based standards, technical resources, educational programs, and proven expertise for individuals and organizations involved in concrete design, construction, and materials, who share a commitment to pursuing the best use of concrete.
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Home > Publications > International Concrete Abstracts Portal
The International Concrete Abstracts Portal is an ACI led collaboration with leading technical organizations from within the international concrete industry and offers the most comprehensive collection of published concrete abstracts.
Title: Superplasticizer-Nanosilica Compatibility: Assessment and Optimization
Author(s): Harry Brace and Emilio Garcia-Taengua
Publication: Materials Journal
Appears on pages(s): 95-103
Keywords: chemical admixtures; compatibility; compressive strength; fresh state performance; Marsh funnel test; paste; statistical models
Abstract:Nanoparticles can yield significant benefits in cement-based products but can pose problems regarding dispersion and optimal doses. This paper proposes an inexpensive methodology to compare superplasticizers in terms of their compatibility with nanosilica, providing concrete technologists with a practical tool to select the best combinations. A series of cement pastes were produced, incorporating nanosilica and two different superplasticizers at different dosages. Their fresh state performance was assessed by means of the Marsh funnel test, and their compressive strength was determined at 28 days. The compatibility between nanosilica and superplasticizers was defined and described by developing semi-empirical models. These were used to identify optimal combinations which maximize the flowability and compressive strength and minimize their variability. It was concluded that the optimization of cement pastes with nanosilica was feasible only when the superplasticizer used is highly compatible. Careful selection of the superplasticizer proved to be critical in ensuring the efficiency and cost-effectiveness of the addition of nanosilica.
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