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Founded in 1904 and headquartered in Farmington Hills, Michigan, USA, the American Concrete Institute is a leading authority and resource worldwide for the development, dissemination, and adoption of its consensus-based standards, technical resources, educational programs, and proven expertise for individuals and organizations involved in concrete design, construction, and materials, who share a commitment to pursuing the best use of concrete.
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Home > Publications > International Concrete Abstracts Portal
The International Concrete Abstracts Portal is an ACI led collaboration with leading technical organizations from within the international concrete industry and offers the most comprehensive collection of published concrete abstracts.
Title: Effects of Accident Thermal Loading on Shear Behavior of Reinforced Concrete Members
Author(s): Kadir C. Sener, Saahastaranshu R. Bhardwaj, and Amit H. Varma
Publication: Structural Journal
Appears on pages(s): 39-52
Keywords: flexural stiffness; nuclear power plants; out-of-plane shear; reinforced concrete; shear stiffness; shear strength tests; thermal concrete cracking; thermal gradient
Abstract:This paper presents the findings from an experimental research project comprised of six full-scale reinforced concrete (RC) beam specimens that were subjected to combination of thermal and mechanical loads. The specimens were designed to represent typical structural members in nuclear structures. These specimens were subjected to accident thermal condition followed by mechanical loading up to failure. The parameters included in the investigation were: 1) maximum accident temperature (300 and 450°F [148.9 and 232.2°C]); 2) concrete clear cover (0.75 and 1.5 in. [19 and 38.1 mm]); and 3) one- or two-sided heating. The experimental results were used to evaluate the flexural and shear stiffness and strength of the tested specimens. The results indicate that accident thermal conditions reduce the shear strength and stiffness of RC beam specimens relative to the ambient values. The nominal shear strength calculated using ACI provisions conservatively estimated the strength of most RC beam specimens at elevated temperatures, but unconservatively estimated the strength of beams with severe heating (450°F [232.2°C]) and reduced clear cover of 0.75 in. (19 mm).
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