Retrofitting of Reinforced Concrete Beam-Column Joints by Composites—Part I: Experimental Study

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Title: Retrofitting of Reinforced Concrete Beam-Column Joints by Composites—Part I: Experimental Study

Author(s): Osman Kaya, Cem Yalçın, Azadeh Parvin, and Selçuk Altay

Publication: Structural Journal

Volume: 116

Issue: 1

Appears on pages(s): 17-29

Keywords: beam-column joints; carbon fiber-reinforced polymers (CFRPs); lap splice; plain reinforcements; reinforced concrete; shear strengthening

Date: 1/1/2019

Abstract:
Many of the existing reinforced concrete (RC) structures in Turkey built prior to 1999 have deficient design details due to their non-seismic design or construction flaws. In particular, the beam-column joints (BCJs) experience high shear forces during such events, mainly due to inadequate design detailing of transverse reinforcements as well as inadequate lap splicing. Severe damage or total collapse of structures often occurred. To enhance the performance of such deficient joint systems, several strengthening techniques such as reinforced concrete and steel jacketing, as well as fiber-reinforced polymer (FRP) wrapping, have been proposed. In this study, new shear strengthening techniques were developed using carbon fiber-reinforced polymer (CFRP) to retrofit these insufficient BCJs. The effectiveness of various CFRP wrapping methodologies was investigated experimentally. One control specimen was constructed according to provisions specified by the 1975 Turkish Building Design Code, whereas four other specimens were constructed with deficiencies observed in the practice. Moreover, three additional specimens were constructed to develop alternative shear strengthening techniques via CFRP wrapping. The quasi-static tests were carried out by applying constant axial load and reversed-cyclic lateral load at the top of the column. Comparative analysis of control and CFRP-strengthened specimens’ results showed that significant improvements in the lateral load and the energy dissipation capacities were achieved by using the proposed CFRP-strengthening techniques.