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Founded in 1904 and headquartered in Farmington Hills, Michigan, USA, the American Concrete Institute is a leading authority and resource worldwide for the development and distribution of consensus-based standards, technical resources, educational programs, and proven expertise for individuals and organizations involved in concrete design, construction, and materials, who share a commitment to pursuing the best use of concrete.
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Home > Publications > International Concrete Abstracts Portal
The International Concrete Abstracts Portal is an ACI led collaboration with leading technical organizations from within the international concrete industry and offers the most comprehensive collection of published concrete abstracts.
Title: Effect of Multiaxial Stresses on Alkali-Silica Reaction Damage of Concrete
Author(s): Bishnu Prasad Gautam, Daman K. Panesar, Shamim A. Sheikh, and Frank J. Vecchio
Publication: Materials Journal
Appears on pages(s): 595-604
Keywords: alkali-silica reaction; damage rating index; expansion; mechanical properties; multiaxial stresses
Abstract:Alkali-silica reaction (ASR) causes expansion, cracking, and degradation of the mechanical properties of concrete. While ASR performance of unrestrained concrete specimens is relatively well understood, the ASR performance of concrete structures is complicated by co-acting stresses. This paper investigates the influence of sustained multiaxial stresses on the response of concrete undergoing ASR. Reactive concrete cube specimens (with three replicates) were subjected to different stress states, from no-stress to triaxial stress, and were subjected to accelerated curing until the exhaustion of expansion potential. The specimens were periodically core-drilled and the cores were tested for compressive strength and modulus of elasticity. Stress state influenced the degradation of mechanical properties and ASR-affected concrete behaved as an orthotropic material. ASR cracking was portrayed along three mutually perpendicular planes of multiaxially loaded concrete by performing damage rating index analysis. Surface cracking was also monitored. Triaxial confinement contributed to having reduced volumetric expansion and less cracking.
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