Significance of Cracking Uncertainty on
Predicting Deflection of FRC-RC Beams
J.J. Kim, A.M. Said, and M.M. Reda Taha
Appears on pages(s):
cracking; deflection; fiber-reinforced polymer (FRP); reinforced concrete;
serviceability; uncertainty analysis.
This paper presents an alternative approach to examine uncertainty in predicting deflections of fiber-reinforced polymer-reinforced concrete (FRP-RC) beams. The use of nonspecificity of concrete cracking as a measure of cracking variability is proposed. Non-specificity is a type of uncertainty associated with having multiple alternatives to define variables (e.g. modulus of rupture, tensile strength to describe cracking). Nonspecificity in cracking can be described by considering cracking strength interval. Using a cracking strength interval, deflection intervals of FRP-RC beams are calculated. Deflection is modeled using cracked plane frame analysis integrated with recent models describing concrete tension stiffening with fiber reinforced polymers (FRP) reinforcement. A deflection database of FRP-RC beams is developed and examined. The uncertainty in deflection prediction is evaluated by comparing the measured deflection from the database with respect to the
predicted deflection interval. The significance of deflection prediction parameters on the uncertainty in predicting deflection of FRP-RC beams was analyzed. It is shown that when the applied moment to cracking moment ratio gets close to unity, the uncertainty in predicting deflection of concrete beams
reinforced with FRP increases.