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Title: Modeling the Time-to-Corrosion Cracking in Chloride Contaminated Reinforced Concrete Structures

Author(s): Youping Liu and Richard E. Weyers

Publication: Materials Journal

Volume: 95

Issue: 6

Appears on pages(s): 675-680

Keywords: chloride-induced corrosion; concrete; corrosion cracking model; time-to-cracking

Date: 11/1/1998

Abstract:
The time to cracking, from corrosion initiation to cracking of the reinforcing steel cover concrete, is one of the critical time periods for modeling the time to repair, rehabilitate and replace reinforced concrete structures in corrosive environments. The time-to-corrosion cracking was experimentally determined from simulated bridge deck slabs. The experimental design considered corrosion rate, concrete cover depth, reinforcing steel bar spacing and size. Three, of the 14 slab series, cracked during the 5 year study. Metal loss was determined for the cracked specimens which had cover depths of 1, 2, and 3 in. (25, 51, and 76 mm). A time-to-corrosion cracking model was developed considering the critical amount of corrosion products which consists of the amount of corrosion products needed to fill the interconnected void space around the reinforcing bar plus the amount of corrosion products needed to generate sufficient tensile stresses to crack the cover concrete. The experimentally observed time to cracking is in good agreement with the model predicted time to cracking.


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